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Cold War Canada: A Time Of Collective Security And Political Urging

1192 words - 5 pages

Even before the closure of World War II, the Allies agreed that they needed to set up an organization that could defuse disputes between nations before the occurrence of war. It was evident that this organization would need the support of various countries, and have enough power to carry out such immense mediating tasks.In 1945, based on faith in the philosophy of collective security, representatives of Canada, Great Britain and the United States of America, signed the historic charter alongside 47 other countries that commenced the establishment of the United Nations.Unfortunately, it was soon realized, with the trial discharge of an atomic bomb by the Soviet Union in 1949, that the set up ...view middle of the document...

It was hoped that this united size would dishearten the Soviet Union from attacking member countries. Under this configuration, Canada sent 6,500 soldiers and 12 squadrons of fighters to stations in allied Western Europe; in response to Communist hostility in Korea during June 1950. However, since NATO troops were terribly outnumbered, NATO also relied heavily on the notion of the arms race. Regrettably, these blind threats thrown out to the Soviet Union by the Western powers were becoming less successful by the day. This was due to the progression of the Soviet Union's own nuclear technology.In 1955, after watching the creation of a collective military agreement by the Western powers, the Soviet Union and its occupied satellite states formed the Warsaw Pact. This military alliance was based on the same principles that founded NATO, the principle of collective security. The world's nations were now divided into two antagonistic factions, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the Warsaw Pact.With tensions rising between the now divided nations of the world, the United States and Canada were searching for a way to guard the Americas in the event that the Soviet Union and its supporters would fire their freshly invented hydrogen bombs, causing enormous damage.In the early 1950s, Canadian and American military officials signed an agreement to construct a series of radar stations across North America. The first chain of radar stations, the Pinetree Line, was completed in 1954. Then, the McGill Fence, with its low altitude flight detection system of Doppler radar, was completed in 1957. Finally, the final chain, the Distant Early Warning Line, was also completed in 1957. Collectively, the systems were designed to give three hours of advanced warning in the event of a bomber attack, before an aeroplane could reach any highly populated area.After the erection of the three chains of radar stations, Canada and the United States co-operated with each other once again, throughout the set up of the North American Air Defence Command in 1957. The North American Air Defence Command's objective was to unite both countries in the day-to-day operations of the new air defence system. Because NORAD was a joint operation, the commander was an American, and the deputy commander was from Canada.Regrettably, it was soon apparent that NORAD was not an operation of equal...

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