Cognitive Psychology Essay

723 words - 3 pages

Cognitive psychology is figuring out what makes an individual tick and understanding the internal process of their mind. Cognition literally means “knowing”. In other words, psychologists from his approach study cognition which is ‘the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired (cognitive psychology). This type of psychology focuses on how we as human process information, and how we react to this information. When studying cognitive psychology it basically means the studying of the mind. Cognitive psychology is one of the most important schools in psychology. This paper is discussing the history and milestones made with cognitive psychology.
William Wundt is the individual who ...view middle of the document...

T) And psychologist went for behaviorisms.
But in the late 1950s behaviorism began to crumble. It fail because of many reasons but two main were because people started to doubt that behaviorism could do as it had said and it became obvious that deleting mental processing from psychology was hurting more than helping. That’s when the help of cognitive psychology came along.
Edward Tolman is known for his cognitive map. He believed that instead of memorization his experimental rats had formed cognitive maps in order to complete the maze. Tolman proved this by placing the rats in different areas on the maze in which they had not been trained to. B.F. Skinner (1904-1995), is famous for his theory of operant conditioning. Skinner believed that behaviors and languages were learned through reinforcement. He invented the Skinner box in which he measured and controlled animal behavior. He believed that the cognitive revolution was not leaping forward, only taking backward steps in the history of psychology (Willingham, D.T). Behaviorists believed that psychology should only be concerned with external behavior and not worry about the mind or how it is associated with behavior. Among psychologists there was increasing dissatisfaction with the...

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