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Cognitive Psych Essay

1514 words - 7 pages

Women in Psychology

Introduction
Before recent times, many doctors, or physicians did not want to treat people with terminal illnesses. People with terminal illnesses were often considered as a humiliation to doctors or physicians, as the doctors and physicians were frequently thought of as failures because they could not treat or cure those individuals with life-threatening illnesses. Many times the doctors or physicians justification as to why patients with incurable illnesses were dying was that there was nothing more that could be done, and that there were countless demands that required the doctors or physicians time. The doctor’s unsympathetic and heartless ways towards the ...view middle of the document...

She experienced the consequences and the aftermath of World War II through concentration camps that were in what we now know as Ukraine. The experiences working for the International Voluntary Service for Peace drastically reinforced her destiny to shift her focus of medicine to the humanistic perspective of dying and death. (Chapman, A, 2006).
In addition to the traumatizing events that took place at the camps that she provided service to, the inconsiderate and harsh treatment that her father displayed towards her when she was younger also played an influential role in her decision to transition from the study of medicine to the study of the humanistic perspective of dying and death. This cruel treatment portrayed by her father also caused her grave intensity for being concerned about people’s worst sufferings. Elizabeth decided to further research a topic that had not previously been explored by other physicians or clinician; nor was this topic considered of any importance by other physicians and clinicians. This topic was the psychological state of mind that an individual whom has a terminal illness deals with before death. (Chapman, A, 2006).

Theoretical Perspectives
Elizabeth’s theoretical approach suddenly began to emerge during her desperate attempts to be different or set apart from her other two sisters. She not only became fascinated with the African American culture and the humanistic perspectives if death and dying but she soon found herself more and more fascinated with death. In addition to the many close encounters with death that she experienced in her early childhood, she also witnessed the deaths of family members, and other individuals around her. The various deaths that Elizabeth observed throughout her childhood and adolescent years slowly began to shape and mold her attitudes, thoughts, and beliefs about death, the “process of death, and the stages that followed death. Elizabeth watched one of her roommates pass away in a peaceful state. Conversely, she also witnessed a girl pass away in an excruciating state because of meningitis. There was also a neighbor that she recalled from her early childhood, who reassured his family members as he prepared for death from a broken neck. All of these proceedings eventually led Elizabeth Kubler-Ross to believe that death is simply one of many stages of life, which should also be an experience that both the individual who is dying and the people around him or her should engage with peace and self-respect. (Encyclopedia, 2006)
Her perspective about death was that there were five stages of life. While she theorized that there are five stages of death and that it was universally felt, she was also aware of the fact that not each individual experienced each stage in the same order and the results of each stage may be different for each person. Her theory was that the five stages of grieving or dying initially begins when an individual is aware of a terminal illness. (Encyclopedia,...

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