Cognitive Interventions Essay

1604 words - 7 pages

Cognitive Interventions
Latricia Temple
BSHS/ 311
December 3, 2012
Michael Phillips

Cognitive Interventions
Suicide is defined as the intentional taking of one's own life. Depression, drugs and alcohol play a major factor in the cause for suicide amongst a wide range of individuals. Suicide is alarming in the United States and is seemingly robbing the vitality of individuals from 18 to 65 years old. Sadly there are multiple reasons for the attempts and success of suicide but with the stressor in society it makes it hard for one to address the underlying issues.
Youth Suicide
When it comes to suicide among our youth the numbers are alarming. Each year in the United States it has ...view middle of the document...

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Suicide and Prevention (CBT-SP) is one of those therapies used. In this therapy the primary goal of this intervention is to help reduce the suicidal risk that children encounter, enhancing the coping capability and reduce suicidal behavior. In evaluating these adolescents they found that most suffered from a series of multiple psychiatric and environmental problems. The central focus of CBT-SP is to identify all the risk factors and stressors that include emotional, cognitive behavior plus any problems with family that may have been active just prior to the individual’s suicide or any recent suicide crisis moment.
Young Adult Suicide
There is a serious problem among young adults and it is sneaking in and stealing vital life; it is more commonly referred to as suicide. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among young adult in the United States. United States Centers for Disease Control did a survey and the facts are:
* 27 percent of high-school students said they'd "thought seriously" about suicide in the past year; 8 percent said they'd actually tried to kill themselves.
* 10.3 percent of U.S. college students admitted serious thoughts of suicide; 6.7 percent had a suicide plan.
The bottom line is there are so many stressors that young adults feel as though they have no recourse at the end of the day. The numbers are disturbing, and yet they only partially convey the tragedy of young adult suicide, since every victim leaves a hole in the foundation of their communities and schools, and an ongoing pain in the hearts of their families and friends. The types of young adults more likely to attempt suicide try to kill themselves usually fall into one of the following groups:
* Depressed or anxious people who feel stressed out or emotionally down are at a much higher risk of suicide. And the risk is higher still when emotional problems are coupled with substance abuse or interpersonal loss.
* Many young people who are confused about their sexual identity or who have experienced sexual guilt or embarrassment can see suicide as a way to stop their shame or confusion.
Certain evidence would suggest a link between alcohol, drugs and suicide among young adults. Alcohol, drugs play a major role in suicides of all types. Estimated half of all suicides are committed by problem drinkers, while as many as two-thirds of all suicides involving young people center around drug use. (http://www.suicidology.org.) Drugs and alcohol become particularly lethal when combined with emotional depression and interpersonal loss a romantic break-up, for example, or the death of a loved one. In fact, studies have shown that rates for suicide and attempted suicide are five to 20 times higher among drug and alcohol abusers than the general population. (http://www.suicidology.org.) Drugs and alcohol can be doubly dangerous since so few chemical abusers realize that depression is often drug-related. They...

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