This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cognitive Development Observation Essay

518 words - 3 pages

What is Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? It is a disorder marked by extreme difficulty with inattention, impulsivity, or a combination of both. About 3% to 7% of children and teens have extreme difficulty controlling their attention and are diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactive disorder, or ADHD (American psychiatric association [APA], 2000). ADHD is the most diagnosed neurodevelopment disorder in children. This condition is diagnosed much more often in boys than it is in girls. Symptoms cannot be cured but may decrease with age. Symptoms can be controlled with medications, such as Ritalin. Medications are thought to help regulate the behavior by altering the neural activity in the frontal-striated area of the brain, which ordinarily inhibits behavior. Research on the ...view middle of the document...

The person is easily distracted or forgets details of daily routines.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: The person fidgets and talks a lot. It is hard to sit still for long (e.g., for a meal or while doing homework). Smaller children may run, jump or climb constantly. The individual feels restless and has trouble with impulsivity. Someone who is impulsive may interrupt others a lot, grab things from people, or speak at inappropriate times. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others.
Combined Presentation: Symptoms of the above two types are equally present in the person. Symptoms can change over time, so the presentation may change over time as well.

The cause(s) and risk factors for ADHD are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role.
In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including:
• Brain injury
• Environmental exposures (e.g., lead)
• Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy
• Premature delivery
• Low birth
• weight
Research does not support the popularly held views that ADHD is caused by eating too much sugar, watching too much television, parenting, or social and environmental factors such as poverty or family chaos. Of course, many things, including these, might make symptoms worse, especially in certain people. (CDC)

http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20439038,00.html
9 Food Additives that cause ADHD

http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/index.html

Other Papers Like Cognitive Development Observation

Defining Cognitive Psychology Essay

879 words - 4 pages intelligence (Dowd & Arnold, 2010). These areas of study also cover a wide range of jobs in the workforce (Dowd & Arnold, 2010). Major breakthroughs in the development of cognitive psychology have made this field of study a major influence within the schools of thought (Lang, Kersting, Hulsheger, 2010). The first milestone in the field of cognitive research was what was known as the cognitive revolution (Lang, Kersting, Hulsheger, 2010). This

Naturalistic Observation Essay

562 words - 3 pages think my daughter meets the milestones and stages for the physical, cognitive, and social/emotional development. Is there anything unusual or “off-development” for this child (deficits as well as giftedness)? There was nothing off-development or unusual for my Sofia, on the contrary, I think she is very intelligent, automotive, and talented. My thoughts about observation I think my observation made on my daughter in a daycare environment in her

Cognitive Psychology Defined

1035 words - 5 pages psychology is different than behaviorism. Unlike behaviorism, which focuses only on observable behaviors, cognitive psychology is concerned with internal mental states. Because cognitive psychology touches on many other disciplines, this branch of psychology is frequently studied by people in a number of different fields. One of the most influential theories from this school of thought was the stages of cognitive development theory proposed by

Definition Of Cognitive Psychology

593 words - 3 pages crucial to understand what cognitive psychology is and how it pertains to the field of psychology as a whole. There are four key milestones in the development of cognitive psychology as a discipline which will be discussed further in this paper. Of the various milestones present in the development of cognitive psychology, the process of introspection; the method of study in which people have attempted to follow their own thought processes

Cognitive Theories Of Human Development

1220 words - 5 pages and scientific concepts. A major task of developmental theory is to understand how these tools are acquired (Crain, (2011) p 248). Some of the tools utilized by Piaget in the field of Cognitive Development theory involved hands-on research tools. One tool involved pouring liquids from beakers to determine the conservation of continuous quantities (p.129). Paiget started the observation of youngsters at about age four, when the child could sit

Theoretical Perspective of Cognition

1934 words - 8 pages became of great importance in the mid 1950s. Severalfactors were important in this: * Dissatisfaction with the behaviorist approach in its simple emphasis on external behavior rather than internal processes. * The development of better experimental methods. * Comparison between human and computer processing of information As its name implies, the cognitive approach deals with mental processes like memory and problem solving. By

Psychology Paper

602 words - 3 pages . | | |Social Cognitive Theory |One learns or models from others around | Innovative speculative and accurate | The theory can be proven inaccurate or | Applied in therapy to help an individual overcome| | |them. A person’s thoughts, perception or |observation are two crucial components |falsifiable. The theory is well organized. |feeling of negativity. Meaning, if one changes how

Piaget vs Vgotsky

1702 words - 7 pages Piaget Versus Vygotsky Jean Piaget (1896-1980) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) proposed the classical constructivist theories of cognitive development. Although often compared, the concepts differ significantly. Indeed, the purpose of this essay is to argue that Piagetian theory marginalizes the social contribution to intellectual development and that, consequently, the Vygotskian approach offers a more accurate and comprehensive analysis. This

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

1769 words - 8 pages field that is associated with cognitive psychology or an influence on the field’s development is not difficult; however, two areas are considered the primary and secondary parents. Philosophy is the primary disciplinary parent with the second disciplinary parent as physiology (Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler, 2008). Philosophy began studying the workings of the mind, the difference between concepts, and how they start new concepts. Cognitive

Jean Piaget

2608 words - 11 pages Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development PIAGET’S BACKGROUND His was one of the most important, yet most controversial theories of cognitive development (Hetherington & Parke, 2000). In 1907 at age ten, he published his first scholarly article in a journal on a rare albino sparrow.1 The career of this philosopher, psychologist and observer of children began the day his wife said to him, “watch the children for a while, will you

Separation Anxiety Disorder In Children

2787 words - 12 pages event memories acquired through direct experience, observation, and stories, Child Development, 67, 3029-3044.Rachman, S. (2004). Fear of contamination, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1227-1255.Seligman, L. D. Ollendick, T. H. (2001). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety disordersin youth, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20(2), 217-238.Slattery, M. J. Klein, D. F. Mannuzza, Moulton, J. L. Pine, D. S. &amp

Related Essays

Cognitive Psychology Definitions Paper

1037 words - 5 pages sprung into existence. With a scientific approach of the psyche, cognitive psychology has allowed new applications in the treatment of human dysfunction and disease. It is the intension of this paper to discuss the importance of behavioral observation in cognitive psychology while identifying a minimum of four prominent milestones in the development of the discipline of cognitive psychology. Cognitive

Cognition Essay

1046 words - 5 pages too complex, which would make the scientific method invalid. It wasn’t until the late 1950s that the use of the scientific method was applied to the human mind. The development of cognitive psychology allowed psychologists to understand how the scientific method, which used observation and experimentation to form a hypothesis could help individuals understand the human mind in more depth. However, unlike the use of the scientific method used

Cognitive Mind Theory Essay

1230 words - 5 pages processes typical to humanity. Opposed to other perspectives in psychology, cognitive psychology has a reputation founded in the scientific and experimentation technique (Willlingham, 2007). The key goal is clarify how humans convert ideas into actions and thoughts by the composite and frequent peculiar process of cognition (Eyesnck, 2004, Willingham, 2007). The human psyche nature is addressed through nature and observation through cognitive

Cognitive Psychology Paper

869 words - 4 pages Cognitive psychology today has a huge influential role in determining how people think and how we learn. Cognitive psychology has been in existence since about the 1600’s. There are many interesting milestones in the development of cognitive psychology throughout the years. In the following paper I will discuss some of these milestones as well as discuss the importance of behavioral observation in cognitive psychology. According to Kendra