Coffee is a dark brown/black naturally caffeinated drink made from passing water through ground roasted coffee beans. Coffee is used as a great medicine to help patients, and it can be taken as a popular drink all over the world. Caffeinated coffee drinks are largely consumed by people around the world regularly. It has become an internationally popular drink in almost every country. Coffee is so important to our daily lives that some people cannot live a day without drinking it.
The word coffee was derived from the Ottoman Turkish kahve, via the Italian caffè. The Turkish word was derived from the Arabian word qahwah. Arab lexicographers report that qahawah originally referred ...view middle of the document...
He then boiled them to soften the roasted beans, which resulted in a brown liquid with a strong fragrance. After drinking the liquid, he sustained himself on it for days. As this story reached Mocha, Omar was asked to return home.
Coffee was brought from Ethiopia to Arab. Sufi Baba Budan smuggled coffee from Yeman to India. He smuggled beans by strapping them on to his chest. The first smuggled plant was grown at Mysore, India. Coffee drinking then spread to Europe and America. In the United States, September 29 is celebrated as National Coffee day.
Coffee is grown in tropical grassland mixed with patches of forest at the altitude of 16-24 degrees. It is grown in different types of soil. But, it is especially grown in volcanic soil. Coffee is produced in a large quantity in rainy season. It is grown in a slope less than fifteen percent. It is not cultivated in a steeper slope because it presents major erosion risk and requires terracing and special management such as counter furrows.
Coffee comes from topical African shrubs or trees of genus coffea, which is widely cultivated in the tropics. These beans picked at peak ripen, then dried, roasted and grounded to prepare a stimulating aromatic drink. Coffee is a brewed beverage with a distinct aroma and flavor. The beans are found in coffee “berries”, which grows on tree. Coffee is one of the most traded agricultural commodities in the world. Coffee is slightly acidic (5.0-5.1 pH) and can have stimulating effect on humans because of its caffeine content. It is one of the most consumed beverages in the world.
All the coffee plants are classified in the large family rubiaceae. Different species of coffee are cultivated all over the world, among which the two main commercially cultivated coffee plants are coffea canephora, mostly known as robusta, and coffea arabic, arabica, which is the most highly regarded species and which is the native of southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Coffees are evergreen plants which may grow up to five meter tall. The flowers of coffee plants are auxiliary. Flowers bloom simultaneously and are followed by oval berries. The berries are green when immature; they ripen to yellow then red and black on drying on the bush. Black berries produce the best tasting coffee. The berries usually contain two seeds, but some contain only one. These coffee berries are called pea berries. They take five to nine month to ripen. The leaves of the coffee plant are dark green and glossy which has a spear shape. The leaves cannot be eaten.
Coffee beans undergo several processes before they become roasted coffee. Coffee beans have traditionally been selectively picked by hand. After picking, the berries are processed in two methods – dry process method and wet process method.
The other method, dry process, is also known as unwashed or natural method and it is the oldest method of processing coffee. After picking, the entire berries are placed on tables or in thin layer on patios...