Clean Coal Essay

5924 words - 24 pages

Advanced Clean Coal Technology
DeVry University
Technology Society and Culture
Professor Paul
Team D

Table of Contents

Renee M King
I A brief description of the why the technology is needed …………….page 3
II The historical development and context of the technology …………..page 5
III The technology in its cultural context, media influence……………....page 9

IV Psychological considerations and sociological effects…………..….page 10

V Economic questions and considerations
VI Implications for the Environment

VI Political and legal influences
IX Moral and Ethical Implications
References

Advanced Clean Coal Technology

I A ...view middle of the document...

Developing countries saw coal as an inexpensive way to power their growth. Coal will provide the fuel for energy well into the future. The reason for this is because coal is cheap and it is abundant. America has the greatest reserve of coal in the world but it is an environmental villain. The burning of coal produces many by-products that are harmful; it is the leading cause of smog, acid rain, and toxic air pollution. Coal burning releases sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and mercury. Plus other harmful pollutants emitted annually from a typical, uncontrolled coal plant include approximately: 114 pounds of lead, 4 pounds of cadmium, other toxic heavy metals, and trace amounts of uranium. Releasing 720 tons of carbon monoxide, that causes headaches and places additional stress on people with heart disease. Spewing 220 tons of hydrocarbons, a volatile organic compound which forms the low lying ozone layer. 225 pounds of arsenic, which will cause cancer in one of 100 people who drink water containing 50 parts per billion (Coal Power:air pollution).

Coal is a dirty fuel to burn, so the Department of Energy and the private sector are working to clean up the process. In the last 20 years scientist have developed ways to capture the pollutants to trap them before the impurities can escape into the atmosphere. In 1986 a program was initiated that was the most ambitious government-industry undertaking to develop environmental solutions for the nation’s abundant coal resources (The 1986-93 clean coal tecnology program). The goal of this program was to find the most innovative technology emerging from around the world. Today we have technology that can filter out up to 99 percent of the tiny particles and remove 95 percent of the acid rain pollutants in coal. There are small things that can be done to start, that could make coal plants two percent more efficient and emit four to six percent less carbon. This can be done simply by improving basic maintenance and replacing old turbine blades.

There are various types of technology to the have be developed, implemented, refined and perfected to use in the process of cleaning up coal. The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) states that the power plants built today emit 90 percent less pollutants (SO2,NOx, particulates and mercury) than the plants they replaced from the 19070s (Clean Coal Technology-From research to reality). Then recently Canada opened a carbon dioxide capture and sequestration coal burning plant in (Roach, 2014).

II The historical development and context of the technology
The first technology is Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) has been used in the industry for over 60 years. According to the Iowa Department of Natural Resource they can collect particles sized 0.1 to 10 microns and are more efficient at collecting fine particles than scrubbers or cyclones. The electrostatic precipitators take advantage of the electrical principles that opposites...

Other Papers Like Clean Coal

China Air Pollution Essay

1523 words - 7 pages fuels. Fossil fuels release carbon dioxide, which is released into the atmosphere. This is known to create a greenhouse effect. The combustion from vehicle also permits gases that are poisonous and may cause respiratory problems (Chen, Hong, & Kan, 2004). There are several solutions to the air pollution problem in China. Future solutions for better air quality include development of clean energy resources, clean and efficient coal use, and

Coal India Differences with Tci Essay

3904 words - 16 pages -ministry [41 ] http://www.bloomberg.com/news/201 2-02-02/india-clean-energy-investments-reach-1 0-3-billion-in-2011 -bnef.html [42] http://www.bloomberg.com/news/201 2-03-07/tata-favors-wind-solar-as-coal-fed-plants-impossible-to-build.html [43] http://www.theglobalmail.org/feature/coal-its-over/448/ [44] TERI, Policy Brief, March 2011 . India’s coal reserves are vastly overstated: is anyone listening? http://www.teriin.org/policybrief/docs/TERI_PolicyBrief_Coal_March11 .pdf Further Information: Ashish Fernandes, India-USA Advisor, Greenpeace ashish.fernandes@greenpeace.org +1 857-288-9357

Foresight Energy Ipo

2442 words - 10 pages long reserve lives which it believes will provide it with significant sustainable free cash flow. The company have significant near-term and long-term growth opportunities through our approximately 3 billion tons of coal reserves. It believes its first operation, Williamson, was the most productive underground coal mine in the United States for the fourth quarter of 2011 on a clean tons produced per man hour basis. Its leading productivity

Week 1 Written Action Assignment

1049 words - 5 pages in their backyard (Peterson 2014). Not only have the residents affected physically, but they have also been affected monetarily. Residents have reported damage to their lawn, as well as several thousands of dollars to there home that from the coal ash and dust. The residents report that the debris cannot be wiped clean with water, that the debris must in fact be cleaned with chemicals. The damage has been going on for so long that some surfaces

Mountaintop Removal In Appalachia

1016 words - 5 pages Mountaintop Removal in Appalachia There is nothing more beautiful or peaceful as the Mountains of Appalachia. Whether you are in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, or West Virginia, the mountains are breathtaking…until you see the bare, flattened remains of mountaintop removal. In 1990 the coal industry was given new life by the Clean Air Act, which restricted sulfur dioxide emissions believe to cause acid rain. This increased the demand for low

South Africa's Energy Outlook

1147 words - 5 pages general aesthetic problems. I plan to come up with a plan to make South Africa's resources last, with minimal effects on the environment, which is cost effective, as well as realistic.Current Energy ProfileSouth Africa is a nation with many reasources. It has many mines, that mine many different minerals, including coal, uranium, and diamonds. South Africa only has six-percent of the total population in Africa, but it produces sixty-percent of

Energy Crysis

1058 words - 5 pages 1. Introduction 2. Pakistan’s Energy Sector 2.1 Energy Supply 2.2 Energy Consumption 3. Sources of Energy in Pakistan 3.1 Non-renewable resources (Fossil fuels) a). Petroleum products b). Natural Gas c). Coal 3.2 Renewable Resources a). Hydro power v Current Hydropower stations v Potential Hydropower stations 3.3 Alternative Energy Sources a). Wind b). Solar c). Agricultural biomass /biodiesel d). Tidal 3.4

Unit 5 Project 1: Pollution, Labor and Public Goods

1085 words - 5 pages Unit 5 project 1: pollution, labor and public goods Research on coal burning plant – Releases of pollutants’ are Carbon Dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and mercury compounds. These limits are from the EPA (environmental pollution agency) and its 2249lbs/Mwh for carbon, 13lbs/Mwh for sulfur, 6lbs/Mwh for nitrogen. Water is used to cool the plant and the company has to have a permit to release the water back into the environment

World Cultures

2352 words - 10 pages pollution, coal is one of the biggest culprits accounting for 45% of global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2012. (Clean Air Foundation. 2012) Coal is the entire world’s leading source of energy-related carbon pollution but the U.S coal accounts for almost half of the way we generate electricity. Since coal is the most carbon rich of all fuel types it hikes up the United States numbers to 79 percent of carbon pollution, mostly all coming from

Journalist

875 words - 4 pages fuel? What is the current cost of crude oil and other forms of energy? What else have you learned about these resources? What is the political environment for these energy sources? NATURAL GAS Advantages • • • • • • • Burns clean compared to cola, oil (less polluting) 70% less carbon dioxide compared to other fossil fuels helps improve quality of air and water (not a pollutant) does not produce ashes after energy release has high heating value

Nuclear Energy

1317 words - 6 pages radiation into the air than a nuclear power plant. The world's reserves of fossil fuels are running out. The low quality, sulfurous coal which many plants use is dirtier than the coal that was previously used. Most of the 'clean' anthracite has been used up. As more 'soft coal' is used, the amount of pollution will increase. In a few decades, our fossil fuel-powered plants will be useless. There are large reserves of uranium, and new 'breeder

Related Essays

Clean Coal Essay

799 words - 4 pages Clean Coal Daniel Robinson DeVry University Understanding what clean coal means can be confusing and the potential impact on the environment can be confusing. Hearing the words clean coal makes most of us think we have finally found a way to actually make coal a clean sustainable resource to generate our electricity. After reading “The Environmental Injustice of ‘‘Clean Coal’’: Expanding the National Conversation on Carbon Capture and

South Africa Coal Crushing Plant Essay

917 words - 4 pages Africa: is a coal crushing coal crusher plant for salse south africa « BINQ coal crushing plant for sale in south africa - Ore coal washing plants for sale south africa, process crusher Equip by clean coal plant,coal crushing station supplier,Coal Power clean coal plant. sand coal crushing plants in south africa Grinding Gulin Least News. Optimizing manganese ore sinter plants: process parameters and design implications » The More

Small Coal Production Line Essay

645 words - 3 pages Survey Forms - U.S. Energy Information Administration ... For coal received during the quarter, information is collected on origin, quantity, transportation mode, quality (i.e., Btu, sulfur, and ash contents), and cost. Clean Coal Research | Department of Energy DOE's clean coal R&D is focused on developing and demonstrating advanced power generation and carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies for existing ... Publications

Coal Crushing Plant In Indonesia Essay

941 words - 4 pages rock crushing plant with heavy duty hard rock crushing machine as aggregate crusher, quarry crusher, gravel crusher, gold crusher Indonesia Integrated Steel Mill - poscoenc.com STEEL PLANT Iron making > Sintering Start Completion Location Client Capacity Australia BSL Project Feb. 2007 Apr. 2009 BSL, Port kembla, Australia Peabody Energy : Home Environmental Responsibility Peabody Energy is the global leader in clean coal solutions and