Classical Theories of Morality
Nicomachean Ethics viewpoint by Aristotle, the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant and the Utilitarianism Theory of morality view by John Stuart Mill are the three classical theories of morality.
An individual’s acts did not define who they were morally, but the person’s life as a whole did according to Aristotle. Meaning, the things a person did over their lifetime would determine if they had morals or not. This was known as the Nicomachean Ethics viewpoint. In today’s society, this could relate to someone who was an overall moral citizen, but one day that changed for them and they did something horribly ...view middle of the document...
Categorical imperatives are straight to the point specifications of the law and the consequences of following that law, whereas with a hypothetical imperative refers to possible specifications or results of an action. Both of these imperatives guided the will of the human spirit, and the sense of duty in pursuing morality.
John Mill’s Utilitarianism Theory of morality is loosely based on a concept of “the ends justify the means”. Meaning, actions taken for the greater good of mankind, should not be judged harshly if loss of life is due to a war, or civil action. An example of this would be when people justify the use of laboratory animals for testing by claiming the loss of an animal’s life is an acceptable loss as long as a new cure or drug is discovered that benefits mankind. Utilitarian’s also believe that sentiment and feelings are at the root of morality (Arthur, J. and Scalet, S., 2014).
As an African American child and being brought up by very religious grandparents I was taught morals and values and of course the ten commandments...