This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Classical Conditioning Essay

1586 words - 7 pages

Classical Conditioning
The comprehension of the classical conditioning concepts helps professionals identify various factors affecting this procedure. The four basic classical conditioning concepts become various stages of environmental stimulus. These environmental stimuli processed through sensation and perception converts the classical conditioning concepts into changed behavioral patterns. Classical conditioning concepts also introduce the repetitive exposure of different stimuli within any individual’s learning environment. The purpose of this paper is to explain, analyze, and evaluate classical conditioning and the factors that affect this process, such as the four phenomena, and ...view middle of the document...

This stage creates conditioned stimulus paired with the unconditioned response receive the unconditional stimuli within a set amount of time (Izard, 2009). Professor Pavlov showed the extinction stage as overexposure to environment stimuli no longer produces the desired response from the subject (Izard, 2009). The subject stored the memory of the combination needed to obtain the unconditional response. The stored memory becomes generalization continuing to produce an unconditioned stimulus as the conditioned stimulus becomes available again (Izard, 2009). The final stage shows discrimination as opposite to generalization in description. The testing subject no longer connects the conditioned stimulus with the unconditional stimuli (Izard, 2009).
The Four Phenomena of Classical Conditioning
The four basic phenomena of classical conditioning are acquisition, extinction, generalization, and discrimination. The first phenomenon is acquisition. Acquisition is the pairing of a conditioned and unconditioned stimulus resulting in a conditioned response. Control conditions show that behavior changes because of conditioning. During unpaired control the unconditioned response and the conditioned stimulus are in the experiment; however, they are separate from each other. During truly random control the unconditioned stimulus and conditioned stimulus occur at different times during the experiment. The second phenomenon is extinction. Extinction occurs in the presentation of a conditioned stimulus without an unconditioned stimulus. Spontaneous recovery occurs when the conditioned stimulus leads to an extinguished response. The third phenomenon that affects classical conditioning is generalization. Generalization is “conditioning to a trained CS generalizes to similar stimuli” (Terry, 2009, p. 61). According to Terry (2009), “Generalization is assessed by presenting the test CS is without the US, to see whether or how large a CR occurs to them” (p. 61). The fourth phenomenon is known as discrimination. The use of discrimination is for distinguishing between different conditioned stimuli and does not generalize to similar stimuli. “Thus, discrimination opposes the tendency to generalize and is a procedure that can be used to explicitly differentiate among the CSs” (Terry, 2009, p. 61).
The Role of Awareness
Awareness in classical conditioning refers to the contingency between a conditioned stimulus (CS) and an unconditioned stimulus (Terry, 2009). The concept of awareness in classical conditioning is a controversial subject among psychologists. Some psychologists believe if conditioning involves mental processes then awareness is a component in the process of conditioning and developing conditioned responses; however, others disagree with this belief. Other professionals argue that awareness is not necessary for the development of a conditioned response (Terry, 2009). The most common technique for measuring awareness is eyeblink classical conditioning....

Other Papers Like Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Essay

844 words - 4 pages Classical Conditioning Paper Accidently founded by Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is basically learning by association behavior. A better definition would be “A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response” (Farlex, 2011). This paper will describe the theory

Classical Conditioning Essay

779 words - 4 pages Classical Conditioning PSY 390 1/18/2013 Bree Kinasewitz | In the following paper Classical conditioning will be looked at and explained, not only from the perspective of previous research but also on a day to day basis. Classical conditioning is an explanation not only on how an organism learns but also why they learn certain behaviors and reactions. It is the hope of the author to help to explain this process in a manner that not only

Classical Conditioning

1039 words - 5 pages Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is an influential process. Two unrelated stimuli when they are repeatedly paired lead to a situation where a response to the second stimulus can be achieved by initiating only the first stimulus. This theory involves learning a new behavior through the process of association. In this theory, we assume that the surrounding shapes behavior and also those mental or internal states of a human or animal

Classical Conditioning - 811 words

811 words - 4 pages Classical conditioning is defined in Psychology as “a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings that response” (Feldman, 2010, p 163). Having to do with reactions and learning, the definition of classical conditioning can be abbreviated into the idea of involuntary behavior. The example of Pavlov’s dog illustrates this as the dog came to associate the

Classical and Operant Conditioning

558 words - 3 pages Classical and Operant Conditioning BEH/225 Ah’Nonda Bates March 28, 2014 Classical and Operant Conditioning Two behavior modification techniques important to behavioral psychology are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both types of learning processes, but each with different focuses. Classical conditioning was developed by Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov contributed to

Classical and Operant Conditioning

574 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Classical and

Little Albert And Classical Conditioning

981 words - 4 pages Little Albert and Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning may be defined as; a kind of associative learning where two stimuli happen in a combined as well as frequent manner because of which, they ultimately become linked with each other. The outcome of this union is that each stimulus sooner or later generates an identical response. In fact, this technique is applied in behavioral training in which Unconditioned Stimulus (US) is paired

Classical Conditioning - 1526 words

1526 words - 7 pages Header: THE ROLE OF LEISURE IN AGING 1 The Role of Leisure in Aging Cassandra Pugh Canadore College THE ROLE OF LEISURE IN AGING 2 Age is both an observable and a universal demographic; a country like Canada is facing this issue. Canada’s population has aged steadily throughout the 20th century, and it is only expected to rise. Consequently, how to take care of the aging people is a critical issue, especially in

Pavlovian Thery

3830 words - 16 pages Classical conditioning shapes many of society's common, everyday tasks. Whether we know it or not, many actions we do numerous times a day are a direct result of classical conditioning. To better understand why we act the way we do in society, classical conditioning must be defined and described. Classical conditioning is defined as: a process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through

Classical Conditions

398 words - 2 pages Concept of Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning was established and studied by Ivan Pavlov a Russian psychologist. According to Hockenbury & Hockenbury (2006), classical conditioning is the “basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the same response is elicited from the neutral stimulus.” (p. 192). Both Pavlov and additional researches discovered that

Beh 225 Pavlov

460 words - 2 pages In psychology, two important behavior concepts that are taught are classical and operant conditioning. Operant conditioning, invented by B.F. Skinner, (or instrumental conditioning) is a type of learning that is modified by consequences of an individual’s behavior. Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs establishing associations between different events. Both of these types of conditioning are used to treat phobias. Some say

Related Essays

Classical Conditioning Essay 1232 Words

1232 words - 5 pages Classical Conditioning Lon H. Gray University of Phoenix PSY/390 Learning and Cognition SC11BSP07 April 11, 2012 Dr. Rick Bazant Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov is the father of classical conditioning, a learning theory that is also called Pavlovian conditioning. Pavlov was a Russian physiologist centered in experimental science, in which his experiments were novel and innovative. Pavlov and his team accidently discovered

Classical Conditioning Essay 1344 Words

1344 words - 6 pages ABSTRACT Classical and Operant conditioning are two learning processes that we use through our daily lives. Classical conditioning is shown by when a neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to get a conditioned response and can indeed cause phobias. Phobias are an intense or irrational fear and the avoidance of a specific object or situation (Huffman, 2008). Operant conditioning is the formation of an association between a

Classical Conditioning Essay 1018 Words

1018 words - 5 pages Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are forms of associative learning. Classical conditioning is defined as a learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response. In classical conditioning the stimulus triggers the response of an organism. There are four concepts created by Pavlov that give classical conditioning a better understanding. The

Classical Conditioning Essay 720 Words

720 words - 3 pages Classical Conditioning PSY/390 November 2, 2011 Elizabeth Alexander-Bernard Classical Conditioning * Ivan Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in Russia. He was studying to become a priest, but then change his mind and study physiology for most of his life. His model was a behaviorist and the things involved with this model are response and stimuli. Ivan Pavlov is considered the father and founder of classical conditioning. He won