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Classical Conditioning Essay

1018 words - 5 pages

Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are forms of associative learning. Classical conditioning is defined as a learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response. In classical conditioning the stimulus triggers the response of an organism. There are four concepts created by Pavlov that give classical conditioning a better understanding. The unconditioned stimulus triggers the unconditioned response. This means that without learning a stimulus can produce any reflex. The Neutral stimulus is a stimulus that does not affect the unconditioned response. The unconditioned stimulus is then ...view middle of the document...

The unconditioned stimulus would be the date, which led to the unconditioned response of living happily ever after. The conditioned stimulus was the scent of the cologne and the conditioned response would be falling in love. Another commercial that I recall that uses classical conditioning is an edible arrangement commercial. In the commercial a guy buys his wife an edible arrangement, hoping to make her happy and spark up their relationship so not only will she be happy but he can possibly “get lucky” later too. His plan works and the commercial shows them kissing and both being happy towards the end. Therefore the unconditioned stimulus would be the present because when people get presents they are happy. This led to the unconditioned response of the woman being happy because this is the response you get from the present. The neutral stimulus would be the fruit because if someone just saw fruit they would not automatically become happy. The conditioned stimulus would be the arrangement because it causes the happiness to occur. The conditioned response is happiness because it is the feeling you are supposed to get from getting the arrangement.
An example of operant conditioning I can think of is one against drunk driving. In the commercial it shows a guy swerving all over the road after a night out on the town. His truck is full of beer and up to the window and spills out when he is pulled over. He is then taken to jail and receives a ticket for driving under the influence. This is operant conditioning because the guy chooses to go out and drink and then drive and it was followed with the consequence of him being arrested and receiving many fines. Therefore the drinking and driving is the behavior and it should decrease because of the punishment received. The consequences are both negative punishments. They are punishments because the behavior will decrease. They are both negative because they both involve taking something away. The man’s money and driving privileges are the things that are taken away. This uses fixed...

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