Classical Conditioning Paper
Accidently founded by Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is basically learning by association behavior. A better definition would be “A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response” (Farlex, 2011). This paper will describe the theory of classical conditioning and demonstrate how one would apply the classical conditioning in everyday life.
Theory of Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, was performing research on the digestive system of a dog by using the ...view middle of the document...
There are five basic principles of classical conditioning. They are the unconditioned stimulus, the unconditioned response, the conditioned stimulus, and the conditioned response. “In Pavlov’s work, for example, a reinforcer is defined as any unconditioned stimulus, that is, any stimulus that elicits a natural and automatic reaction from an organism (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009).
Application of Classical Conditioning
There are many ways to apply classical conditioning to everyday life. Here I will show you how it can be used in teaching your dog to sit. When my children were small they wanted a dog and I would always watch them play with her. I would watch my daughter put her up in the doll stroller and pretend as though it was her baby. This made me decide to help her teach the dog tricks. The first trick we were going to teach the dog was to sit. I bought one of those clickers your see trainers use. Every time my daughter would tell the dog to sit I would click the clicker once. As soon as she would sit I would give her a treat, a small piece of liver treat. We would practice this over and over until eventually all I had to do was make one click of the clicker and she would sit. She would stare at me waiting on the treat. In this situation, the click of the clicker is the neutral stimulus which by itself meant nothing to the dog. However, when the neutral stimulus comes to be paired with something, the liver treat, it caused the dog to react or in this case to sit. The treat is the unconditioned stimulus...