Classical Conditioning Essay

1344 words - 6 pages

ABSTRACT
Classical and Operant conditioning are two learning processes that we use through our daily lives. Classical conditioning is shown by when a neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to get a conditioned response and can indeed cause phobias. Phobias are an intense or irrational fear and the avoidance of a specific object or situation (Huffman, 2008). Operant conditioning is the formation of an association between a behavior and a consequence, which can cause addiction. Addictions are not only in the intake of substances but can range in many different categories. An addiction is something that gives you a feeling of pleasure. Researchers such as Ivan Pavlov and ...view middle of the document...

The dogs were conditioned to learn that once the bell rang it was time for them to eat. But on the other hand even when a bell would ring the dogs will begin to salivate even when it was not feeding time (Kowalski, & Westen, 2011). This can relate to the development of phobias throughout a person’s lifetime. For example, if someone has a car accident with an eighteen wheeler truck on the highway; moving forward the person may not want to drive on the highway any longer or gets scared when riding in a car next to an eighteen wheeler. Now that there has been has a bad a experience while driving unfortunately you are now conditioned to be scared while driving by the eighteen wheeler on the highway. Also there are the classical conditioned phobias that are exaggerated or an irrational fear for a object or situation (Huffman, 2008). Phobias can sometime be exaggerated such as a person’s fear of insects. Seeing an insect then screaming or taking off running thinking that a insect may be on them is an exaggerated response. Although the insect may not be near you the unconditioned response would be automatically be to scream or run. This is not something is done forcefully; it is all an involuntary action. Classical conditioning is involuntary; it is a natural response that you do not have to think about.
An addiction is a term used to describe a compulsion to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity (Huffman, 2008). Most relate the word addiction to drugs or alcohol but an addition can go far beyond just substance abuse to the body. Other addictions can be those that are addicted to watching T.V, physical exercises, internet, shopping and even gambling. All these things are done in people’s lives and it helps them to feel the ease of pain or relief of stress (Huffman, 2008). For example when in taking an ample amount of alcohol into your body, you are using both the satisfying and pain modes to operant conditioning (Anzctak, 2011). Your body may feel satisfied while you are drinking the alcohol but the pain comes after you now have to withdraw from the substance. Usually an addict will try to do the same addiction over and over again but try to find way to avoid the negative response or consequence of the addiction. Addictions are carried out in everyday lives because they may feel it is a way out or comfort although it may be a short period of time. Operant conditioning is a an voluntary act, you have to think about the substance you are taking into your body and aware of the consequences or punishment it may have on your body but you cannot stop the need to use.
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both learning processes. Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov and also researched by John B. Watson. It was accidently discovered as Pavlov was researching the subject of digestion. Pavlov finding shows that that we develop responses to certain stimuli that are not naturally occurring (Kowalski, & Westen,...

Other Papers Like Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Essay

844 words - 4 pages Classical Conditioning Paper Accidently founded by Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is basically learning by association behavior. A better definition would be “A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response” (Farlex, 2011). This paper will describe the theory

Classical Conditioning Essay

779 words - 4 pages Classical Conditioning PSY 390 1/18/2013 Bree Kinasewitz | In the following paper Classical conditioning will be looked at and explained, not only from the perspective of previous research but also on a day to day basis. Classical conditioning is an explanation not only on how an organism learns but also why they learn certain behaviors and reactions. It is the hope of the author to help to explain this process in a manner that not only

Classical Conditioning

1039 words - 5 pages Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is an influential process. Two unrelated stimuli when they are repeatedly paired lead to a situation where a response to the second stimulus can be achieved by initiating only the first stimulus. This theory involves learning a new behavior through the process of association. In this theory, we assume that the surrounding shapes behavior and also those mental or internal states of a human or animal

Classical Conditioning - 811 words

811 words - 4 pages Classical conditioning is defined in Psychology as “a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings that response” (Feldman, 2010, p 163). Having to do with reactions and learning, the definition of classical conditioning can be abbreviated into the idea of involuntary behavior. The example of Pavlov’s dog illustrates this as the dog came to associate the

Classical and Operant Conditioning

558 words - 3 pages Classical and Operant Conditioning BEH/225 Ah’Nonda Bates March 28, 2014 Classical and Operant Conditioning Two behavior modification techniques important to behavioral psychology are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both types of learning processes, but each with different focuses. Classical conditioning was developed by Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov contributed to

Classical and Operant Conditioning

574 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Classical and

Little Albert And Classical Conditioning

981 words - 4 pages Little Albert and Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning may be defined as; a kind of associative learning where two stimuli happen in a combined as well as frequent manner because of which, they ultimately become linked with each other. The outcome of this union is that each stimulus sooner or later generates an identical response. In fact, this technique is applied in behavioral training in which Unconditioned Stimulus (US) is paired

Classical Conditioning - 1526 words

1526 words - 7 pages Header: THE ROLE OF LEISURE IN AGING 1 The Role of Leisure in Aging Cassandra Pugh Canadore College THE ROLE OF LEISURE IN AGING 2 Age is both an observable and a universal demographic; a country like Canada is facing this issue. Canada’s population has aged steadily throughout the 20th century, and it is only expected to rise. Consequently, how to take care of the aging people is a critical issue, especially in

Pavlovian Thery

3830 words - 16 pages Classical conditioning shapes many of society's common, everyday tasks. Whether we know it or not, many actions we do numerous times a day are a direct result of classical conditioning. To better understand why we act the way we do in society, classical conditioning must be defined and described. Classical conditioning is defined as: a process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through

Classical Conditions

398 words - 2 pages Concept of Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning was established and studied by Ivan Pavlov a Russian psychologist. According to Hockenbury & Hockenbury (2006), classical conditioning is the “basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the same response is elicited from the neutral stimulus.” (p. 192). Both Pavlov and additional researches discovered that

Beh 225 Pavlov

460 words - 2 pages In psychology, two important behavior concepts that are taught are classical and operant conditioning. Operant conditioning, invented by B.F. Skinner, (or instrumental conditioning) is a type of learning that is modified by consequences of an individual’s behavior. Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs establishing associations between different events. Both of these types of conditioning are used to treat phobias. Some say

Related Essays

Classical Conditioning Essay 1232 Words

1232 words - 5 pages Classical Conditioning Lon H. Gray University of Phoenix PSY/390 Learning and Cognition SC11BSP07 April 11, 2012 Dr. Rick Bazant Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov is the father of classical conditioning, a learning theory that is also called Pavlovian conditioning. Pavlov was a Russian physiologist centered in experimental science, in which his experiments were novel and innovative. Pavlov and his team accidently discovered

Classical Conditioning Essay 1586 Words

1586 words - 7 pages Classical Conditioning The comprehension of the classical conditioning concepts helps professionals identify various factors affecting this procedure. The four basic classical conditioning concepts become various stages of environmental stimulus. These environmental stimuli processed through sensation and perception converts the classical conditioning concepts into changed behavioral patterns. Classical conditioning concepts also introduce

Classical Conditioning Essay 1018 Words

1018 words - 5 pages Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are forms of associative learning. Classical conditioning is defined as a learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response. In classical conditioning the stimulus triggers the response of an organism. There are four concepts created by Pavlov that give classical conditioning a better understanding. The

Classical Conditioning Essay 720 Words

720 words - 3 pages Classical Conditioning PSY/390 November 2, 2011 Elizabeth Alexander-Bernard Classical Conditioning * Ivan Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in Russia. He was studying to become a priest, but then change his mind and study physiology for most of his life. His model was a behaviorist and the things involved with this model are response and stimuli. Ivan Pavlov is considered the father and founder of classical conditioning. He won