Clara Barton and the American Red Cross
Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in Oxford, Massachusetts. Clara was the youngest of five children in a middle class family. She was educated at home until the age of fifteen, when Clara began teaching school herself. Though Clara Barton is probably most known for establishing the Red Cross, she only had two years of medical experience before the war. Clara gained this experience by taking care of her invalid (a person made weak by injury or illness) brother.
When the war began in 1861, Clara had been working in the United States Patent office in Washington, D.C.. She organized a relief program for the soldiers when the 6th ...view middle of the document...
The Red Cross began in Switzerland in 1863. A man named Henri Dunant came up with the idea for the Red Cross on a business trip in Italy in 1859. He saw a battle that involved thousands of soldiers. And when the battle was complete, the
“The door that nobody else will go in at,
seems always to swing
open widely for me.”
sick, injured, and dying were just left on the battlefield.
Over 40,000 soldiers from both sides were pretty much left to die. Dunant was shocked by this and so he left his business trip to ask the local people to help and care for the soldiers. When Dunant returned to his home in Geneva, Switzerland, he wrote a book about his experiences helping the soldiers in Italy. Dunant thought that there should be an organization volunteers trained and ready for times of crisis. This became known as the Red Cross. Henri Dunant shared the...