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There is a lot that goes into sentencing and punishment of offenders, including reasons, form of punishment, ways to prevent future punishment for the offenders. There are four philosophical reasons that surround the purpose of sentencing which includes retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. Along with the reasons for sentencing there are the six forms of punishment. These forms include intensive supervision to incarceration.
The four philosophical reasons surrounding sentencing are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. The first philosophical reason is retribution, which is the philosophy that a ...view middle of the document...
The final philosophical reason is rehabilitation, which is another means of trying to teach a person to not commit further criminal acts. This philosophy is based on the belief that by giving a criminal certain resources and knowledge it will help to stop and prevent the criminal behavior he/she may have.
There are six forms of punishment which include intensive supervision, incarceration, rehabilitation, restitution and fines, capital punishment, and alternative punishments. Intensive supervision includes probation, parole, and house arrest. The intensive supervision program, or ISP, has three general forms of supervision which includes minimum, regular, or intensive. Minimum supervision is little or no formal reporting. Regular supervision requires the person to report on a regular basis to a probation or parole officer. Intensive supervision requires more stringent reporting requirements and other conditions are required of the offender. The intensive supervision program is an alternative for incarceration and used after an offender is released from incarceration, such as parole or house arrest.
Another form of punishment is rehabilitation, also called rehab. Rehabilitation is not used to punish the offenders, but rather to reform them. This form of punishment is used to motivate offenders to conform and emphasizes constructive improvement. These programs help offenders to change their habits and selves so they can rejoin society as reformed people. Rehabilitation programs include drug and/or alcohol programs, other addiction programs, and counseling.
Restitution and fines is another form of punishment and requires that an offender pay for damages caused by their actions to the state and/or victim(s). There are three types of restitution; restitution fines, parole revocation fines, and direct orders. Restitution fines are the offenders debt to society, they are used to pay the state for any crimes committed and can range from $200 to $10,000. A parole revocation fine is used if an offender violates the terms of his/her parole and means the amount of his/her restitution fines will be doubled if parole is violated. The direct order is restitution that is paid to the...