Purposes of Research
Jesse L. Michaud
In researching criminal justice in any given area for any given time it’s important to understand the basics as is the case with anything in life that you learn. There are four purposes to research which must be understood fairly well and we will go over them together.
Four Purposes of Research
The four purposes of research as they relate to criminal justice are exploration, description, explanation, and application (Maxfield & Babbie, 2006/2009). Let’s take some time to discuss each.
First we have exploration. Exploration research is utilized when you are trying to gather more information about a specific ...view middle of the document...
Moving on we have explanation. Explanation research is used to explain why the problem is in fact a problem. Continuing with the example of the deaths due to speed, we now know that statistically males drive faster than females which is the majority of people that drive down this small town road, we know that if you can see a great distance of what’s in front you that you feel more comfortable driving at a high rate of speed, when you couple being able to see a great distance in front of you and knowing that officers rarely patrol the area, you are even more likely to feel comfortable speeding.
Finally we have application. There are two types of application research, evaluation and policy/problem analysis. The evaluation portion of application research refers to when all of the aforementioned research methods have all been compiled and it’s time to formulate a plan of action and determine if the plan of action is in fact having the desired effect, in this case to reduce if not...