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Civil War Essay

1524 words - 7 pages

The Civil War
Past civil wars during 1861 and 1865 have claimed the lives of many individuals who fought for freedom and against. Team B will express views of four wars through each member’s diversified backgrounds. The Battle of Shiloh, The Battle of Stones River both fought in Tennessee, and The Battle of Bull Run in Virginia as well as The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
According to "Africans In America" (1998), “On April 18, 1865, the Civil War ended with the surrender of the Confederate army. 617,000 Americans had died in the war, approximately the same number as in all of America's other wars combined” (Para. 18). In fact, theses wars with others have seemed to position a ...view middle of the document...

Additionally, southern men were much more comfortable handling guns since they lived in rural areas and carried their guns routinely for protection (Schultz, 2012). This gave the Confederate army a battle ready soldier. In the urban North, men did not need to carry a gun as there was a larger presence of law enforcement. Battle ready soldiers and skilled military leaders are two great advantages, yet the South lost still lost the Civil War. How did this happen?
First the argument that the South lost fewer soldiers must be put to rest. According to Thomas Livermore, the leading authority on Civil War casualties (as cited in Davis, 1988), for every 1,000 Union soldiers in battle, 112 were wounded; conversely out of every 1,000 Confederates, 150 were hit. Additionally, more Confederate soldiers died from their wounds than their Union counterpart. Therefore the argument that the South lost fewer soldiers is not valid especially when one considered the solider ration of the armies was 2:1 in favor of the Union (Davis, 1998).
The main reasons the South lost the war was because she failed to develop an extensive transportation system during the Market Revolution (Schultz, 2012) and depended on shipping their exports from the southern ports of New Orleans and Charleston. This meant all supplies and food were imported from the coast. Without alternate means of transporting supplies, the Union Army was able to successfully blockade new shipments of supplies. Another reason was the South simply did not have the financial means to withstand a long, protracted confrontation (Zebrowski, 1999) and when assistance from Europe never materialized, the outcome was evident. Without enough soldiers, supplies, and money the South could not prevail. Win or lose the effects of the Civil War defined America’s future.
Shelby Foote Discussion
Shelby Foote was an historian known for his works and research on America’s Civil War. Foote died in 2005, but wrote this about the Civil War:
Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War…The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the crossroads of our being. (Burns & Burns, 1990)
This is a powerful statement from Foote, but on many levels, the Civil War did define us as a people and creates the atmosphere of our country today. In this quote, Foote was referring to the attitudes of people in the North and the South before the war. Of course the Southerners wanted to maintain slavery, it was their way of life, it was what they knew and whether they admitted it or not, they needed slaves for their plantations and their businesses to be successful. The North wanted to abolish slavery, but at the same time, they did not see slaves...

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