Civil Rights Final Essay

1140 words - 5 pages

It is hard to imagine just how different the world was for women before the 1960’s. Imagine yourself as women in the 1960s. They were denied basic rights, trapped in their own home for life, and discriminated against in the work place. Then the 1960s came along and with it, the thought that women could have a say in their government that they could perhaps leave home without feeling guilty about leaving their children alone and that they could earn wages just like men. Women in the 1960s were stereotyped to only be capable of being a housewife and a child bearer.
The women’s liberation movement of the 1960s helped all these changes come about, through its record number of policies and ...view middle of the document...

A major area in which the 1960s made many significant changes for women was in the workplace, in the 1960s there were no women bus drivers, welders, firefighters, news anchors, CEOS or Supreme Court Justices. When the economy began to expand, women began working for a second family income earning 40% less than men. The women’s movement of the 1960s and 1970s drew inspiration from the civil rights movement. It was made up mainly of members of the middle class and partook of the spirit of rebellion that affected large numbers of middle-class youth in the 1960s. During this time women also fought for abortion and reproductive right. Women could only receive a prescription for birth control if she was married or a bridge-to-be with a set date and having announced it.
In the early 1960s many changes were made to help women. These changes included the President commission on the Status of women chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt. This commission was eventually created in every state, each with a similar message; it was established to improve the quality of life for women. It is the Commission’s pledge to encourage and inspire women to become leaders, problem solvers, and innovators making meaningful contributions to American society. The Equal Pay Act was created to prohibit sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who performing under similar working conditions.
“The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forever changed America’s racial landscape. The omnibus act contained ten titles and ran twenty-eight pages. Title VII outlawed discrimination in employment” (Farber, 1994). This law was first purposed by President Kennedy in 1963 and
Civil Rights 4
after his assassination President Lyndon B. Johnson helped push to get it passed through the Senate. Title VII banned employment discrimination by private employers, employment agencies and unions based on race, sex, and other grounds.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 opened doors for women. It allowed them to take control of their own lives. For example between 1960 and 1965 there was a 57 percent increase in women being awarded degrees in the US. Suddenly a whole generation of women had new expectations.
I could not imagine what my life would be like today if the...

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