In past decades, African Americans were considered as slaves and servants for the white majority. Minorities were segregated, marginalized and humiliated because of the color of their skin. When people hear the words civil rights its always connected to the image of Martin Luther King Jr., and his famous speech I Have a Dream in the nation’s capital. The civil rights movement succeeded thanks in part to the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr. and the fight for equality of all people’s has started to become a reality. Inspired .
African Americans got the most public attention after the end of World War II. They are well-know activists in protesting against discrimination in ...view middle of the document...
The firms and businesses owned by African Americans increased rapidly and by 1985, the state of California had more than 40,000 businesses by African Americans, which is about twice of the nation average. (pg.396)
The California state government, and federal government, played an important role in desegregating and promoting equality in education. Segregating schools, based on race was harmful to African-Americans and other minority children. Legal segregation in education resulted in both fundamentally unequal education and low self-confidence among minority students. The significant case is Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954, which the Supreme Court outlawed racial discrimination in the public schools. Some schools in Riverside and Berkeley started to desegregate of their schools. However, some schools in Los Angels desegregated their school when they are under the court order. (pg.395) The portion of black students increased to enrolled in public schools.
The housing problem is just as important as jobs and education for African Americans and other minority groups. Before the late 1950s, there were racial covenants put into place that prohibited minorities from living in certain residences. The Unruh Civil Rights Act of 1959 “ forbade racial discrimination by anyone engaged in business (including real estate brokers) and permitted anyone who suffered such discrimination to recover damages in the courts. (pg.394)” This law was a big step in helping to lead minorities towards racial equality. Few years later, African- American Assemblyman W. Byron Rumford of Berkeley took it a step further and declared racial segregation in housing to be against California state government policy. The law helped end racial discrimination by property owners and landlords who refused to rent or sell their property to colored people. There was backlash to this California Proposition 14 in 1964. It revoked the Rumford Act, mainly by real estate firms. After a year, the state supreme courts took Prop.14 down as an unconstitutional law against the equal protection of the law.
Asians are another one of the biggest communities. Before World War II, many Asians came across the ocean to the United States. The significant racial abuse was during World War II to the Japanese Americans who were placed in interment camps. Japanese Americans were forced to leave their properties and minimized to carry their belongings to the camps. People sold their home and business in unfair prices. Many people had lost most of what they had. After the war, the commission concluded, “the wartime was a grave injustice. Motivated by race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.” (pg.391) Government authorized the payment to surviving citizens and resident aliens interne during the war. In San Francisco and Los Angels, government approved additional redress payments to Japanese Americans who lost jobs ding the war. The Japanese traditional...