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Chronic Diseases Essay

726 words - 3 pages

Diabetes mellitus or diabetes for short is a disease that has characteristics relating to a high level of sugar in the blood. This sugar is typically called glucose. The word Diabetes is from the Greek word meaning to “to flow through,” and mellitus is the Latin word for “sweet”. When someone has consistent high blood glucose levels this can be characterized as diabetes. The characteristic that is a clear sign of diabetes is high levels of glucose excreted in urine. In a healthy person, the broken down carbohydrates from foods eaten are broken down and released from the digestive system into the blood stream. This can be used by all the cells of the body. For cells to be able to use glucose, ...view middle of the document...

Type 1 diabetes is treatable with daily insulin injections or infusions and people suffering from this type have to monitor their diet and exercise levels.
The other type of diabetes is called type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. This is the more common type of diabetes and it accounts for roughly 95% of diabetes cases. Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by pancreas not producing the required amount of insulin needed. It also can occur when cells become resistant to its effects and do not use the insulin produced in an efficient manner. Unlike type 1 diabetes that can occur suddenly, type 2 diabetes develops more slowly over time.
There are many modifiable risk factors that can lead to the development of diabetes. But the chances of these risk factors can be decreased fortunately. Modifiable risk factors that pertain to diabetes are things such as obesity or being overweight, maintaining a healthy diet, lack of exercise, a sedentary lifestyle, and amount of sleep. There are ways to control and prevent these risk factors from causing development of diabetes. Having regular physical activity and...

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