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Chronic Disease Essay

522 words - 3 pages

Chronic Disease: Diabetes,
Description of diabetes is when a person eats sugars and starches, the body changes them rapidly into a sugar called glucose. In diabetes, the mechanism that controls the amount of glucose in the blood breaks down. The blood sugar level rises to dangerously high levels as a result, causing symptoms and damage to the body. Diabetes is actually a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both, resulting in either hypo- which is abnormally low blood sugar or hyperglycemia which is an elevated concentration of sugar in the blood.
There are many risk factors to diabetes; type 1 diabetes is when you get the disease when you are a child the pancreas stops ...view middle of the document...

A simple blood test can diagnose type 1 diabetes.
The second type of diabetes is Type 2, the risk factors for this type is when your body cannot use the insulin that is being produced, a condition called insulin resistance. Though it typically starts in adulthood, type 2 diabetes can begin anytime in life. Because of the current epidemic of obesity among U.S. children, type 2 diabetes is increasingly found in teenagers. Diabetes has long been linked to obesity and being overweight. Research has shown that the single best predictor of type 2 diabetes is being obese or overweight. Having a family history of diabetes, a parent or sibling who's been diagnosed with this condition, increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Having high blood pressures is another key risk factor to type 2 diabetes.
Some lifestyle choices that can be made to prevent the onset of diabetes are controlling the diet, not smoking and losing excess weight and exercising. By eating foods that are rich in fiber, reducing the amount of fat in food selections and adding more fruits and vegetables, a person can help control their diet and maintain or lose weight. It is also possible to decrease the size of your food servings. Increasing physical activity is another key element in controlling weight and reducing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity also helps a person maintain better posture and balance, stronger muscles and bones, more energy, reduced stress and continued independent living later in life. Diabetes and high blood pressure are often found together. Up to three-quarters of people with undiagnosed diabetes have high blood pressure. Studies show that good control of blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar can substantially reduce the risk of someone developing complications and slow their progre

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