Hedonism: Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure, especially to the pleasure of senses. The ethical doctrine holding that only what is pleasant or has pleasant consequences is intrinsically good. The doctrine holding that behavior is motivated by the desire for pleasure and the avoidance of pain. In essence: "If it feels good, do it, life is short, get all the gusto you can"
Secularism: Pertaining to this present world, or to things not spiritual or holy; relating to things not immediately or primarily respecting the soul, but the body; worldliness. The secular concerns of life respect making provision for the support of life, the preservation of health, the temporal prosperity of ...view middle of the document...
(Matter is the only reality and that the psychological state such as emotion, reason, thought, and desire will eventually be explained as physical functions - devotion to material wealth and possessions at the expense of spiritual or intellectual value are the aim) In essence: "The one who dies with the most toys wins."
Nihilism: An extreme form of skepticism that denies all existence. A doctrine of holding that all values are baseless (total rejection of social mores) and that nothing can be known or communicated. Rejection of all distinctions in moral or religious value and a willingness to repudiate all previous theories of morality or religious belief. The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement. In essence: "I’m not here, your not here. Our nothingness is all that is important."
Pantheism: The doctrine that the universe is God, or system of theology in which it is maintained that the universe is the supreme God. A pantheist is one that believes the universe to be God; a name given to followers of Spinosa. The earliest Grecian pantheist of whom we read is Orpheus. In essence: "God is in everything; I’m God, you’re God, all is God.
Panentheism: This view claims that God is in everything and that everything is God; but unlike pantheism it holds that God is more than the universe. God is thought of as developing and changing along with the world. Panentheism is encountered in modern process theology which suggest that the whole world and God are both in process, or flux - god is seen not as perfect, but as being in the process of perfection. In essence: "Hang in there God, you can do it."
Pragmatism: A movement consisting of varying but associated theories, originally developed by Charles S. Pierce and William James and...