September 9, 2013
“Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations. If people can understand and learn why a person commits a crime, there can be ways to develop control in crime or rehabilitate the criminal. In criminology there are many theories. Some relate crime to the individual; they believe that an individual weighs the pros and cons and makes a conscious decision or choice if to commit a crime or not. It is believed that a community should support the responsibility of ensuring their citizens do not commit any crimes by offering them a safe and secure place ...view middle of the document...
* “Labeling Theory: An individual will become what he is labeled or what others expect him to become; the danger comes from calling a crime a crime and a criminal a criminal”.
* “Life Course Theory: A person's "course" in life is determined by short (transitory) and long (trajectory) events in his life, and crime can result when a transitory event causes stress in a person's life causing him to commit a crime against society”.
* “Positivist Theory: Rejects the idea that each individual makes a conscious, rational choice to commit a crime; rather, some individuals are abnormal in intelligence, social acceptance, and that causes them to commit crime”.
* “Rational Choice Theory: An individual thinks through each action, deciding on whether it would be worth the risk of committing a crime to reap the benefits of that crime, whether the goal is financial, pleasure, or some other beneficial result”.
* “Routine activity theory: Believing that crime is inevitable, and that if the target is attractive enough, crime will happen; effective measures must be in place to deter crime from happening”.
* “Social Control Theory: Society's responsibility to maintain a certain degree of stability and certainty in an individual's life, to make the rules and responsibilities clear, and to create other activities to thwart criminal activity”.
* “Social disorganization theory: Suggests that crime occurs in communities that experience breakdowns in social morals and opportunities, such as in highly populated, lower income, urban communities”.
* “Social Learning Theory: Indicates that individuals learn from those around them; they base their morals and activities on what they see others in their social environment doing”.
* “Strain Theory: Individuals will turn to a life of crime when they are strained, or when they could not achieve the goals of the society, whether power, finance, or other desirable goals”.
* “Trait Theory: Individuals have certain traits that will contribute to whether or not they are capable of committing a crime when pushed in a certain direction, or when they are in duress”.
In today’s society, we view...