Choices Theories Essay

1009 words - 5 pages

Choice Theories
Roslyn Wooten
CJA/490
September 9, 2013
Ray Cueller

Choice Theories

“Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations. If people can understand and learn why a person commits a crime, there can be ways to develop control in crime or rehabilitate the criminal. In criminology there are many theories. Some relate crime to the individual; they believe that an individual weighs the pros and cons and makes a conscious decision or choice if to commit a crime or not. It is believed that a community should support the responsibility of ensuring their citizens do not commit any crimes by offering them a safe and secure place ...view middle of the document...

* “Labeling Theory: An individual will become what he is labeled or what others expect him to become; the danger comes from calling a crime a crime and a criminal a criminal”.

* “Life Course Theory: A person's "course" in life is determined by short (transitory) and long (trajectory) events in his life, and crime can result when a transitory event causes stress in a person's life causing him to commit a crime against society”.

* “Positivist Theory: Rejects the idea that each individual makes a conscious, rational choice to commit a crime; rather, some individuals are abnormal in intelligence, social acceptance, and that causes them to commit crime”.

* “Rational Choice Theory: An individual thinks through each action, deciding on whether it would be worth the risk of committing a crime to reap the benefits of that crime, whether the goal is financial, pleasure, or some other beneficial result”.
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* “Routine activity theory: Believing that crime is inevitable, and that if the target is attractive enough, crime will happen; effective measures must be in place to deter crime from happening”.

* “Social Control Theory: Society's responsibility to maintain a certain degree of stability and certainty in an individual's life, to make the rules and responsibilities clear, and to create other activities to thwart criminal activity”.

* “Social disorganization theory: Suggests that crime occurs in communities that experience breakdowns in social morals and opportunities, such as in highly populated, lower income, urban communities”.

* “Social Learning Theory: Indicates that individuals learn from those around them; they base their morals and activities on what they see others in their social environment doing”.
* “Strain Theory: Individuals will turn to a life of crime when they are strained, or when they could not achieve the goals of the society, whether power, finance, or other desirable goals”.

* “Trait Theory: Individuals have certain traits that will contribute to whether or not they are capable of committing a crime when pushed in a certain direction, or when they are in duress”.

In today’s society, we view...

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