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Chinese Inventions Essay

1015 words - 5 pages

Chinese Inventions

World Cultures II

World Cultures II
May 24, 2012
“Chinese Inventions”

The United States Independence Day is July 4th and on this day fireworks light the sky. To know the day of the week Independence Day will fall on, we check a 365 day calendar. On Independence Day Americans put up flyers advertising firework shows using a combination of paper and printing. In order to arrive at the firework show a person may use a compass to help find the way. At the firework show a person may observeb a card game using playing cards. There may be food at the show for sale that may upset a person’s stomach and they may have to use the rest ...view middle of the document...

Zheng He (1371-1435) was the first person recorded to have used the compass as a navigational aid, from the Yunnan province in China, who made seven ocean voyages between 1405 and 1433(Bellis). The compass was innovative because it showed the way around the world. Navigation began with the compass.

The Chinese calendar like the Hebrew is a combined solar/lunar calendar in that it strives to have its years coincide with the tropical year and its months coincide with the synodic months. It is not surprising that a few similarities exist between the Chinese and the Hebrew calendar: An ordinary year has 12 months; a leap year has 13 months. An ordinary year has 353, 354, or 355 days, a leap year has 383, 384, or 385 days.

Paper was invented by Cai Lun in 105 AD, which was one of the four great inventions by the Chinese("Chinese paper invention,”). Cai Lun not only greatly enhanced the papermaking technique, but also made it possible to use a variety of materials, such as tree bark, hemp, rags, etc. The earliest paper discovered in Fufeng County, Shaanxi, was made from hemp during the Western Han (206 BC - 24 AD). Bamboo paper was produced in the Tang Dynasty (608 - 907). Xuan paper made in Jing County, Anhui, is probably the best-known paper, which is mainly used in Chinese painting and calligraphy("Chinese paper invention,”). Xuan paper is soft, smooth, white, absorbent and very durable.Papermaking was introduced to Korea and Vietnam during the 3rd century and to the West around the 8th century. The first paper mill in Europe was built in 1009("Chinese paper invention,”). Paper was very innovative made printing, writing, and reading possible.

Block Printing first appeared in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The text was first printed on a piece of thin paper, and then glued face down onto a wooden plate("Four great inventions,”). The characters were imprinted out to make a wood-block printing plate, which was used to print the text....

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