Chinese Culture Essay

3911 words - 16 pages

Introduction chinese culture
Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest and most complex.
The area in which the culture is dominant covers a huge geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces. Important components of Chinese culture includes art,cuisine, festival and etc.
People in the culture
Identity
Throughout history, many recognized ethnic groups have been assimilated into neighboring ethnicities or disappeared without a trace.
At the same time, many within the Han identity have maintained distinct linguistic and regional cultural traditions. The term Zhonghua Minzu has been used to describe the notion of ...view middle of the document...

[5] Chinese is distinguished by its high level of internal diversity, although all varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic. There are between 7 and 13 main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most spoken, by far, is Mandarin (about 850 million), followed by Wu (90 million), Cantonese (Yue) (70 million) and Min (50 million). Most of these groups are mutually unintelligible, although some, like Xiang and the Southwest Mandarin dialects, may share common terms and some degree of intelligibility.
Taboo of Chinese

Chinese Taboo – Numbers:
Good things come in pairs so odd numbers are avoided for birthdays and weddings. However, to avoid bad things happening in pairs, burials and giving gifts to the ill are not held on even numbered days.
Four– the number four (四, sì) sounds like death (死, sǐ) so the number four is avoided particularly on phone numbers, license plates and addresses. While addresses do contains fours, the rent is usually less and apartments on the fourth floor are typically rented by foreigners.
Chinese Taboo – at Work
Shopkeepers may opt not to read a book at work because book (書, shū) sounds like lose (輸, shū). Shopkeepers who read may be afraid their businesses will suffer losses.

Chinese Taboo – Food:
1. Young children should not eat chicken feet as it is believed they might not be able to write well when they start school. They may also be prone to get in fights like roosters.
2. Leaving food on one’s plate, particularly grains of rice, will result in marriage to a spouse with many pockmarks on his or her face or the person will have the wrath of the Thunder god.
3. Chopsticks should not be left standing straight up in a bowl of rice. This act is said to bring bad luck to the restaurant owner as the chopsticks in rice look similar to incense placed in urns at temples when meals are offered to ancestors.

Chinese New Year:
During the 10 days of the Chinese New Year celebration you:
* Should Not Use Negative Words or Phrases.  This is a time of happiness and looking forward to prosperity.  Any sort of reference to death, misfortune, or hardship should be avoided.  In terms of language, this means avoiding even words that are negative even if put in a positive sentence.
* Should Avoid the Number 4.  Four is pronounced sei, death is pronounced /sei/.  Instead of saying "4" of something, you can say "2 more than 2" of something.  When giving gifts, do not give anything in 4's.  However, it is best to give even numbers of things as gifts- just not 4 of them.
* Should Not Throw Anything Away.  Particularly true during the first few days, you should not throw anything away.  New Years is a lucky time, and throwing things away during this time is akin to throwing away the good luck.
* Should Avoid the Colors White and Black.  Both colors symbolize death in Chinese culture.  The colors red and gold are lucky, propitious colors that are seen in abundance during New...

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