Amna Alhag Ibrahem
Presented to Professor: Norma Little
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course
From long time, the health professionals have known the bad effect of overweight and obesity on the health condition of adults. Over the course of the past three decades, there has been increased concern and consideration regarding the issue of childhood obesity. This a remarkable issue that has slowly progressed into becoming a nationwide pandemic. There are many health factors that are directly attributable to maintaining a body weight and body mass index in excess of acceptable parameters. ...view middle of the document...
S. About thirty percent of low-income preschoolers are overweight or obese. Overweight and obesity rates tend to be higher and have increased more rapidly over time among African American and Hispanic children than Caucasian children. Based on recent national figures, 29.2 percent of white girls are overweight or obese compared to 36.1 percent of Black girls and 37 percent of Hispanic girls. About 40 percent of Hispanic boys are overweight or obese, compared to 34.4 percent and 27.8 percent of Black and white boys. Rates are the highest, and very alarming for 12-17-years-old Hispanic boys (39.6 percent are overweight or obese) and 12-17-year-old Black girls (42.5 percent are overweight or obese). The prevalence is also higher between children living in the southern region of the U.S which Louisiana State has the 1st highest childhood obesity rate in the United States. Currently, 39.8 percent of youth in Louisiana are overweight or obese. Florida State has the 39th highest childhood obesity rate in the United States. Currently, 27.5 percent of youth in Florida are overweight or obese. Utah State has the lowest rate of childhood obesity in United States. Currently, 22.1 percent of youth in Utah are overweight or obese.
Despite of the fact that research into the reason of childhood obesity has not been as extensive as the research with overweight adults, remarkable increased health related issues in obese children have been noted. Short term health problems include high-blood pressure and high cholesterol, increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance and type 2 Diabetes, asthma, and obstructive sleep apnea. In addition, joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort, and fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux. Pervasive health issues such as type II diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease; diagnoses once reserved for adults, are now being made more and more with children. Additionally, obese children are more likely than children of average weight to become overweight or obese adults; 80 percent of children who were overweight at 10 to 17 years old were obese at 25. Adult obesity is leading to a number of serious health conditions including heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and various types of cancer. If children are overweight, obesity in adult age is likely to be more severe.
Because of continuous increasing numbers of children clinically determined to be obese and the ever increasing rates in which children are being diagnosed and treated for what use to be adult only maladies, health professionals and researchers alike have begun to regard this increasing phenomenon as a pandemic; not just for the United States, but for industrialized countries all over the word. The possibility has been raised that the pervasiveness and severity of childhood obesity may significantly, and for the first time, negatively affect what has historically been the steady increase of life expectancy;...