Childhood Obesity Essay

2238 words - 9 pages

Public Health Issue: Childhood Obesity

Anna Walker, the Healthcare Commission Chief Executive explained that "Childhood obesity is a serious health problem that can follow people much later into life. It is a causal factor in a number of chronic diseases and conditions including high blood pressure, heart disease and type 2 diabetes” (Audit Commission 2006). The World Health Organisation, describes obesity as having “reached global epidemic proportions, with more than 1.6 billion adults overweight, at least 400 million of those clinically obese” (WHO 2005). In England, the Department of Health (DH), states that almost “1 in 4 adults are currently obese and projects that 9 in 10 adults ...view middle of the document...

Obesity can be determined by an individual’s BMI, which compares weight and height. In children different cut off points have to be used to define overweight and obese children and BMI should be expressed as a percentile in relation to age and sex (Post 2003).

Childhood obesity is a public health issue and Ewles and Summit (2003) describe public health as a focus on health and disease within a whole population. Epidemiology is important within public health as it is the study of how often disease, in this case obesity, occurs within different groups of people and why. Coggon et al (1993) explains that the information derived from the study of epidemiology is used to plan and evaluate strategies to prevent illness and as a guide to the management of patients in whom diseases has already developed. It also allows government funding to be utilised and allocated appropriately and effectively.
The statistics shown have been obtained from the Health Survey for England (HSE) report, and focuses on all children rather than sex as increase is similar. It will show how prevalence of overweight and obese children between 1995 and 2003 has changed over time, this is important and Graig and Lindsay (2000) explain, prevalence is used to measure the burden of chronic disease.

Between 1995 and 2003 the levels of obesity in boys rose by 5.3% and girls rose by 2.2%, for overweight boys this shows an increase of 7.1% and for girls 3%. The increase in obesity between 1995 and 2003 consisted of increases in all four age groups considered, namely 2-3, 4-5, 6-7 and 8-10. However, obesity increased by 5.3%, within 1995-2003 in children aged 8-10 this showed the largest increase and compared with the lowest increase in children aged 2-3 with an increase of 1.8%. The increase in obesity among 8-10 year olds was significant, but there were no significant increases for the other age groups. The report showed the North East and London as had the highest prevalence levels in England, with at least 18% of children aged 2-10 classified as obese in 2001-2002, with the lowest level, less than 11.9%, in Yorkshire and Humberside.

The prevalence of obesity was higher in families living in the inner cities and 1 in 5 classified as obese. There was also a clear correlation between obesity and deprivation, which takes into account eight factors including income, employment, health, disability, education, skills and training, housing and access to services. The prevalence of obesity among children and area deprivation showed levels of obesity increased 5.2% for those in the least deprived areas to 16.4% for those in the most deprived. The prevalence of obesity tended to increase as area deprivation increased, however no significant differences between those in the middle were found. This links with childhood obesity prevalence and household income, which increases from 13.3% and 12.5% in the two highest incomes compared to 16.3% and 15.8% in the two lowest...

Other Papers Like Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity Essay

1700 words - 7 pages CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 Childhood Obesity Rodney A. Neal ENG 122 Dr. Shelley Lawyer November 17, 2011 CHILDHOOD OBESITY 2 Childhood obesity has increased and been on the rise at a very alarming rate over the years. In today’s stats, nearly one in every five children is fighting the obesity epidemic and they are losing. The children are finding it very hard when there is junk food everywhere they look, being displayed at

Childhood Obesity Essay

905 words - 4 pages Childhood Obesity Statistics and Facts According to research, Childhood Obesity results in high percentage of Obesity at adult stage as much as 70 percent. What is worse is that this rate is on increase and almost doubled in the last three decades. Let us have a look at more intriguing Statistics and Facts about childhood Obesity Obesity is a major problem, not only in America, but also in most countries, both developed and developing. This

Childhood Obesity

1591 words - 7 pages Childhood Obesity Fast food restaurants should be required to provide or offer healthy alternatives for their kid’s meals. Having healthy alternatives for children’s meals would allow them to receive a nutritionally balanced meal even when it is necessary to dine out. Childhood obesity is becoming prevalent in today’s world and society needs to start taking some responsibility; starting with what foods that are offered when having to dine

Childhood Obesity - 1739 words

1739 words - 7 pages Childhood obesity, you hear about it everywhere. There are commercials about it on television and on the radio. It’s a very popular topic on mainstream talk shows; even Oprah has an episode about it at least once every season. Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of fat that increases body weight by 20% or more over ones ideal body weight. We all know at least one overweight child, and sadly that rate is growing all the time. In the

Childhood Obesity - 3783 words

3783 words - 16 pages Childhood Obesity Danielle Borde ENG122: English Composition II Instructor: Peter Kunze July 29, 2012 Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity is an issue that has become more evident of a problem as the years have changed. I am interested in the facts as to how a child becomes obese and if there are any ways to either prevent it or overturn it. I want to prove that obesity weighs more heavily on nature rather than nurture

Childhood Obesity - 598 words

598 words - 3 pages 1 Preventing Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity is a very serious problem today in America. Becoming over weight or obese is the result of consuming more energy or calories than needed (Phillips 2012). Many children who are obese or overweight are happy and confident. However there are serious health and social concerns with being obese. By incorporating exercise, eating healthy

Childhood Obesity - 2866 words

2866 words - 12 pages Matthew Stark Sociology 422 Professor Bradshaw 5 May 2015 Childhood Obesity: Is there an elucidation? 1. Describe the Policy, Program or Topic: The growth in childhood obesity over the past several decades, together with the associated health problems and costs, is raising serious concern among health care professionals, policy experts, children’s advocates, and parents. Childhood obesity is defined “in terms of body mass index (BMI

Childhood Obesity - 1482 words

1482 words - 6 pages Childhood Obesity CuShena Buck ENG 122 Instructor: Jason Romero 1/23/2012 The topic I chose is childhood obesity because I have family members struggling with childhood obesity. I have found in doing my research that overweight and obesity in children are significant public health problems in the United States. The number of adolescents who are overweight has tripled since 1980 and the prevalence among younger children has more than

Childhood Obesity - 3331 words

3331 words - 14 pages The Fight against Childhood Obesity: Parental Involvement Stacie Mueller ENG 240: Advanced Composition Instructor Kevin Reardon National University Sep 30th, 2012 Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to show the need for better public knowledge about the issues facing children who are struggling with obesity, with a primary focus on parental involvement. Parents need to understand the seriousness of allowing their children

Childhood Obesity - 2074 words

2074 words - 9 pages Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 Childhood Obesity Diane Troche English 122 Prof. Yanessa Page September 11, 2012 1 1. Childhood Obesity Diane Troche... Good job with organizing the contents of your title page and running head according to APA format! Perfect! [TA King] [YaShekia King] -1- Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY While we were growing up our parents and grandparents had time to cook us healthy and wholesome meals, but

Childhood Obesity - 2074 words

2074 words - 9 pages Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 Childhood Obesity Diane Troche English 122 Prof. Yanessa Page September 11, 2012 1 1. Childhood Obesity Diane Troche... Good job with organizing the contents of your title page and running head according to APA format! Perfect! [TA King] [YaShekia King] -1- Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY While we were growing up our parents and grandparents had time to cook us healthy and wholesome meals, but

Related Essays

Childhood Obesity Essay 651 Words

651 words - 3 pages Biology of Health and Disease | Childhood Obesity | Healthy Choices | | The book entitled Your Child by David Pruitt, MD. focuses on the increase of childhood obesity in the United States. The book explains that between 16 and 33 percent of children and adolescents are obese. Obesity is among the easiest medical conditions to recognize but most difficult to treat. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and lack

Childhood Obesity Essay 762 Words

762 words - 4 pages Childhood obesity is a major concern for parents, teachers, and the medical community with differing philosophies and theories on causes and prevention. Inactivity, genetics, technology and parenting attitudes and beliefs are factors which contribute to childhood obesity. Peer pressure and social circles also create an epidemic of children overweight or obese. Intervention by parents, physicians and the educational system with support and

Childhood Obesity Essay 805 Words

805 words - 4 pages CLC Yellow Team Health Issue Analysis: Childhood Obesity Yellow Group Grand Canyon University: NUR- 508 August 20, 2014 Cultural Beliefs and Influences Relative to Childhood Obesity According to Opalinski, (2013), childhood obesity is increasing in all racial groups. Cultural beliefs play a unique contribution in relation to this chronic condition. Evidence shows that place of origin is one of the factors contributing to having

Childhood Obesity Essay 1489 Words

1489 words - 6 pages Childhood Obesity Shakia Bennett ENG 122: English Composition II Marsh Bechwith-Howard April 15, 2012 Childhood Obesity: Whose Fault is it? The Ashford library, ebooks, and newspaper articles are where the sources on childhood obesity came from. When doing research on childhood obesity, nutrition and parenting were some of the main reoccurring topics of childhood obesity. This paper will focus on unhealthy and healthy eating habits of