Childhood Adolescence Essay

1017 words - 5 pages

Middle Childhood and Adolescence
Teenage years are times for developing maturity. At this stage, teens are usually excited because they are exploring several features in the environment. The youth struggle to identify themselves from other children as adulthood is the next big thing to them. Peer pressure in most cases supports individual development among adolescents. However, influence of significant others may not allow individual peer pressure to take effect in a teen’s life. Adolescence stage is characterized by immense influence of age-mates. It involves high levels of self-consciousness and self-centeredness. These two groups can be disturbed greatly by social pressures like drug use ...view middle of the document...

However, in some cases these changes can be based on emotional connection. Peer group members often dress alike. When there is rejection by other peers, adolescents feel betrayed. As relationships develop, teens pay greater attention to social status and rules in the society. When relationships are still new and growing, peers tend to have full commitment and do not want anything to distract them at all. If there is some distraction, peers develop personal conflicts that can last longer than usual (Galarza-Garrett, S. Staler, R. Taylor and P. Wilson, 2011).
Among peers cliques and clubs are frequent at this age; these avenues help them in bonding and often exclude those peers that do not conform to their simple social rules of play. If a group excludes a teenager, it can affect his or her self-esteem largely. At the same time parents and family members can play a very vital role in fostering strong bonds, building self-esteem and assisting their children in decision making. Children who are assisted will participate fully in major activities and maintain friendships that are fruitful to their lives. Children at this stage tend to have higher levels of egocentrism. At this age they usually build imaginary audience that promote self-consciousness, which encourages complete focus on oneself and excludes the presence of others (American Psychological Association, 2002).
Egocentrism brings about unrealistic thinking coupled with constant thinking about the person's feelings and any other behavioral aspect. Egocentrism among adolescents often limits freedom because children develop sense of alienation from others. Parents and family members can play a big role in taming egocentrism among teens. They can reduce its effects by talking about and giving the teenagers real life examples of what situations are in the real world. This will reduce levels of unrealistic thinking, which is never healthy for teens. Parents and guardians must discourage egocentric behavior among teens because it gives them wrong conclusions, which may cause undesirable stress and depressions.
There are several common pressures faced by adolescents and middle childhood children. They include peer pressure, drug use and abuse, dating and sexuality, and family relationship changes. During middle childhood...

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