“The Causes, Effects, and Prevention of Child Obesity”
ENG 122 English Compositions II
Instructor: Jessica Hamman
November 12, 2012
Obesity is more than a looking good concern. It does not just affect the way people look. It can change the development of our lives, and not for the better. It sets us on a fast track for health complications such as heart disease, type-two diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. In addition, it is not just a problem for adults, but it has also become a health concern among teens and children. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) A child who fights obesity and carry extra weight threatens their future and their quality ...view middle of the document...
Consumption of just one hundred kilocalories (the equivalent of 8 ounces of soft drink) above daily requirements will typically result in a ten-pound weight gain over one year. Many different factors contribute to this imbalance between calorie intake and consumption (Naik). The dietary habits for children and teens have shifted away from healthy foods such as fruit, vegetables, and water to chips, candy, and soda. . These foods tend to be high in fat and/or calories and low in many other nutrients. Several patterns are associated with obesity. Unhealthy habits include eating when not hungry, eating while watching TV or doing homework, or drinking sodas during sedentary activities. There is also, what is referred to as the Genetic Factor. Obesity tends to run in certain families. A child whom grows up with a parent that is obese is two times as likely that the child will become obese him./herself. Genetics alone does not cause obesity it is due to the lack of physical activity and more free time to consume calories than are burned. (American Heart Association)
Lack of Physical activity is also a step towards becoming obese. The popularity of television, computers, and video games has translated into an increasingly inactive lifestyle for many children and teenagers in developed countries like the U.S. Children and teenagers in the United States spend, on average, over three hours daily watching television. (American Heart Association, 2012) Not only does this form of recreation use little energy (calories), it also encourages snacking and drinking more sugar drinks. Fewer than half of children in the United States have a parent who engages in regular physical exercise. Only one-third of children in the United States have daily physical education at school. Parents' busy schedules and even fears about public safety prevent many children and teenagers from taking part in sports, dance, or other activity programs after school. Moreover, some schools close their campuses to students and their families after hours due to potential liability risks.
Obese children may experience immediate health consequences, which can lead to weight-related health problems in adulthood. Obese children and teens have been known to have risk factors for CVD (cardiovascular disease), including high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and abnormal glucose tolerance. In a sample of 5-to 17-year-olds, almost sixty prevent of overweight children had at least one CVD risk factor and twenty five percent of overweight children had two or more CVD risk factors. In addition, studies have shown that obese children and teens are more likely to become obese as adults. In addition to suffering from poor physical health, overweight and obese children can often be targets of early social discrimination. (International Journal of Behavioral Nutition and Physical Health)
Living an obese life can have a lot of negative effects in an individual, but there are ways to prevent a...