Implementation of Human Rights: A Ray of Hope to Stop Child Labour
Prof. G. B. Mane
Literacy about the human rights and the increasing awareness about childrens problems and needs gave way to the convention that children have rights, the same full spectrum of rights as adults; civil, political, social, cultural and economic. As a result of all these conventions, expressed as the conventions of the rights of the child, are entered into international Law on, 2nd September 1990. This convention has been ratified by Indian government also.
Though the government made many laws related to the issue of child labour, the problems especially of bonded child labour and children ...view middle of the document...
As a result of all these conventions, expressed as the conventions of the rights of the child, are entered into international Law on, 2nd September 1990. This convention has been ratified by Indian government also.
Though the government made many laws related to the issue of child labour, the problems especially of bonded child labour and children working in hazardous industries remains as it is. The government of India passed several legislative measures to prohibit or improve the working conditions of child labour. Child labour Act-1986, National Policy on child labour – 1987, National authority for Elimination of child labour – 1994 and supreme- court directions – 1996 were some significant steps in this direction. The objective of the present research paper is to check whether the awareness of human rights is helpful to prohibit the problem of child labour or to improve the working condition of the child labour.
1) Child labour: Child labour is a work that harms children’s well being and hinders their education, development and future livelihood. Work which, by its nature and the way it is carried out, harms, abuses and exploits the child or deprives the child of an education.
2) Human rights: Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
3) Bonded Child Labour: It is widely use for the virtual enslavement of children to repay debts incurred by their parents or family members.
When can Child Labour be Exploitative
According to the convention of the Rights of the child (Article 32) ‘State parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and form performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or harmful to the child’s education or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, moral, spiritual and social development’ (Article 32)
Child labour is the work which involves some degree of exploitation i. e. physical, mental, economic. It denies the joy to children and access to social opportunities like education.
Child labour is exploitative if it involves:
1. Full time work at too early an age.
2. Very large and arduous working hours.
3. Work that exerts undue physical, social or psychological stress.
4. Inadequate wages
5. Work that hampers access to education
6. Work that undermines child’s dignity and self esteem such as slavery, bonded labour and sexual exploitation.
Major Realms of child labour:
a) Domestic Work:
This includes the household work done by the children which is unpaid and done only for maintenance of the household eg. caring for younger sibling, cooking, cleaning, washing, fetching...