This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Child Health Essay

4063 words - 17 pages

Review of Literature:

1) Duration of TV Viewing:
According to the A.C. Nielsen Co. the average American watches more than 4 hours of TV each day (28 hours / week) i.e. 2 months of nonstop TV watching per year.
Number of minutes per week that parents spend in meaningful conversation with their children : 3.5 minutes / week.
Number of minutes per week that the average child watches Television 1680 minutes (4 hours/day).
70% of day care centers use television during a typical day.
Dietz WH, Strausburger VC & et al in 1991 study entitled “Children Adolescents and Television” revealed that – American children spend more time in front of TV than at any other activity, with the ...view middle of the document...

This range of Television viewing was close to the one found by UNICEF in India in 1987.9
According to a study conducted by R.K Gupta & Saini et al at Jaipur 1992, 250 children of 3-10 years age groups were studied for a period of nine months (January 1992 to September 1992). Average duration of television exposure to an individual child was 18.5 hours per week in the study. The average TV viewing time by 3-5 years olds as 21 hours 20 minutes / week, 5-7 years olds was 18 hours / week and 7-10 years olds was 17 hours 45 minutes / week. Significant changes were observed in a child’s eating habits, weight, physical activity, sleep pattern, interest in study and general physical health. Increase in weight was observed in 19.6% children suggesting that the television viewing may predispose to childhood obesity. In 30.4% cases decrease in physical activity was found, 18.4% children showed decreased interest in study, while 10% children showed decrease in school performance, and sleep pattern was disturbed in 24% children. Medical problems were found in 11.6% children. Significantly two children had precipitation of fits on television viewing. 1
2) Age and TV Viewing:
Frederick J. Zimmerman & et al in the study “Television and DVD/Video Viewing in Children Younger Than 2 Years” Minnesota and Washington, which was telephone survey of 1009 parents of children aged 2 to 24 months found that “presently children get exposed to television at a very early age often before the age of one year.” By the time they reach their second birthday they usually know how to operate TV and they become regular viewers. From that time onwards till they reach the age of 6 years the time spent for TV viewing goes on steadily increasing throughout the preschool period. Preadolescent period witnesses the peak followed by a drop during adolescence and once again there is a surge in time spent for TV during the adulthood consistently higher than that found in children.
Research in this regard in Sweden by Saleem KS in 2007 has revealed that the steady increase in time spent in front of Television continues until school replaces the television partially and then onwards the time for TV declines. There is steady increase in the amount of time spent for TV until the age of ten years.10
3) Gender:
Gender based difference related to television viewing practice do not find much mentioned in published literature.
4) Day of the Week :
On an average the time spent during non-school days is at an increment of over one hour or about 1/3rd of total TV viewing time during school days.##
As might be expected, during the school year, viewing is most frequent on Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays, in France, as pointed out by Judith Lazar in 1985. And according to the Mediametrie Diapason-INA study, there is an average increment of over one hour (or about one third) of viewing time on non-school days as opposed to school days. However, this finding may be refined by relating...

Other Papers Like Child Health

Assessment Essay

530 words - 3 pages both prevent and detect illnesses and diseases—from flu to cancer—in their earlier, more treatable stages, significantly reducing the risk of illness, disability, early death, and medical care costs. Motor vehicle crashes, homicide, domestic and school violence, child abuse and neglect, suicide, and unintentional drug overdoses are important public health concerns in the United States. In addition to their immediate health impact, the effects of

Childcare Essay

4045 words - 17 pages behavior persists. Child’s Health The State of Delaware requires that an age appropriate health appraisal be on file for each child enrolled with in 30 days following admission, however your child cannot be initially admitted to day care with out written documentation from your child’s physician or nurse practitioner that at least one (1) dose of DPT or DT, one (1) dose of TOPC or IPV, and the MMR vaccines, and HbCV vaccines, if required by the

History of Child Abuse

1137 words - 5 pages neglect (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). “ While physical injuries may or may not be immediately visible, abuse and neglect can have consequences for children, families, and society that last lifetimes, if not generations" (The child welfare information gateway, 2013). “Child abuse is more common than many people care to believe. In the United States, each year more than 3 million reports of child abuse are made which

Chamd Hamaagui

4757 words - 20 pages , property, job, position, religion, opinion, education and health condition; 2) The state, individuals, private entities and organisations recognize to ensure the best interest of the child in their all actions; 3) Parents, carer and legal guardians are equally responsible for ensuring physical, mental and moral development and education of the child; 4) Ensuring a child’s right to survival, development protection and participation

Cm107 Child Abuse Paper-Unit 9

1938 words - 8 pages constitutes child abuse because a child should not be shaken. Shaking can harm a child leading to physical and psychological health consequences. |Effects of Child |Examples of Related Direct Effects | |Abuse | | |Physical

Mental Health Conditions in Young Children

795 words - 4 pages worry · Persistent disobedience or aggression · Frequent, persistent, or uncontrollable temper tantrums · A child who is being bullied · Persistent bath-rooming accidents after being potty trained for some time. · Extreme mood swings Detecting a mental health condition in a young child may be difficult because kids are still growing and have active imaginations. It can be hard to determine if a child is just going through a phase or

Ethical Dilemma Immunisations

1328 words - 6 pages measles, which used to be major causes of ill health now have much lower incidences (NICE, 2009). The Healthy Child programme (GB: DH, 2009) views immunisation as a national priority and aims to see an increase in the proportion of children who complete the immunisation schedule by the recommended ages. Immunisation of children is not compulsory in the UK and parents (with parental responsibility) can decide whether or not to have their child

Contemporary Challenges Facing the Child Population in Bulgaria

1504 words - 7 pages Contemporary challenges facing the child population in Bulgaria related to health and safe future are troubling and complex. This necessitates the need to create an effective system of security and child care, which focuses on preventing cumulative effect of several risk factors. Therefore, the growing importance for the society of so-called "economically active" children, whose number is constantly increasing, is directed to identify and

Legalization Of Marijuana

2177 words - 9 pages the effects of sexual abuse. The third step of ending this terrible problem that is on a rise is how can you spot sexual abuse before it is to late. If nothing is done to stop this, childhood abuse it will continue to rise with many consequences in the future for the abusers and the perpetrators. Child sexual abuse is a significant public health problem not only in the United States but also around the world. One out of three females and one

Article Rebuttal

609 words - 3 pages boy will have to pay child support for a child he may not approve of and not only does he have to only pay once, but he has to pay until that child is 18-21 years of age, health care, and day care if needed and also, the 20,000 plus in back child support. In conclusion, the teenage boy will not receive his driver’s license until the back child support is paid and is up to date. So not only did this lady possibly destroy his mental state of

What Is Child Labor And What Does Child Labor Do?

1263 words - 6 pages to the conditions that can harm their physical and mental health and safety. The World Health Organization estimated that one out of eight children who are active in child labor are employed in the most hazardous form of work. Those children who works in Agriculture, they include exposure to pesticides and the requirement to carry heavy loads. The children that work in the Agricultural field also will be exposed to the highest rates of injuries

Related Essays

Child And Family Health Assessment Essay

2788 words - 12 pages Case study context: Susie is an energetic, 3 year old. Her parents are concerned that she will not eat all her food that they prepare for her and that she just eats small snacks throughout the day. Her dad thinks they should insist she sits and finishes all her meal before allowing her to continue normal activities. Her mum is not comfortable with this strategy. Maintaining child and family health assessment is critical in achieving and

Child Abandonment Essay

594 words - 3 pages abandonment may lead to murder, manslaughter or aggravated abuse charges. Poverty is the cause of many abandonment cases. The following is an example of a state law governing child abandonment: Child Abandonment. (a) A person commits the offense of child abandonment when he or she, as a parent, guardian, or other person having physical custody or control of a child, without regard for the mental or physical health, safety, or welfare of that child

Comparison Paper

741 words - 3 pages resources The Robeson County Department of Public Health promotes the health and wellness of the residents of Robeson County by offering the following services; child health, animal control, dental health, environment health, health education, immunizations, preparedness and response, social work, women health, home health, and vital statics for the county ("Robeson County NC Health Department", n.d). The state of North Carolina public health


300 words - 2 pages also ensure a child’s health and hygiene. Child labor should be banned from the society as soon as possible for a better future of the country because one who is child today will be a perfect man tomorrow. We should try to improve their physical and mental development. A child should not be forced into labor. We must not expect income from the children.