Child Development Essay

2353 words - 10 pages

The rate of development can depend on the amount of stimuli and the interaction given to the child.  Environmental factors and relationships, at first parental and later with peers can have an effect on emotional development. 

Reflexes – swallowing, routing and sucking
Grasp reflex
Head falls back when child is sat up. When held in a sitting position the head falls forward, back curved.
When lay on back limbs are bent.
When on it’s front the newborn will get into the foetal position, knees up. The newborn cannot lift its head or stretch out it’s limbs.
The pupils react to light and when the child is held up the eyes open. Sudden sounds cause the eyes to open ...view middle of the document...

Is becoming more alert. May smile but not a emotional response at this stage. Being picked up and held stops crying.

There is more differentiation in cry to communicate different needs. Attention given to the sound of a voice and rattle.

Using senses to explore
2 months 
Seek attention and interaction

Can turn its head and makes eye contact. When in a lying down position pelvis is flat. when held in a sitting position the back and neck are firmer. Grasps when things are placed in hands.  When lying n its back, can turn onto side.  Kicks legs either separately or at the same time.

Pleasure at routine.  Begins to understand its existence as separate from others.  When caregiver leaves the room may become distressed as does not understand that they will return.  Shows fear and excitement.  Interaction is important, will respond positively to positive interaction.  If the child does not gain this he or she may stop attempting interaction.  Attempt to imitate the sounds made by the people around them to express happiness.  The child is also able to express anger at this stage. 

Interest in hands.  Will make sounds and wait for a response.  Will imitate sounds.  Recognises caregiver.

4 months 
Relax when sang to and enjoying time spent and personal care with care giver. 

6 months

When on back can lift the head and shoulders.  When lying on its front the child can raise itself, using its hands.  Can sit up with help and has a strong kick.  When held up with feet touching the floor the child likes to stand and jump.  Might roll over.  Will grasp and can move an object from one hand to the other.  The sense of sight is well established.

Puts objects to the mouth.  Responds to the emotions of  their caregiver.  Negative reactions to strangers.  Tightens grip when an object is being taken from them. 

Tuneful in vocalisation.  Laughs when playing and screams when annoyed.

Shows interest in feet.  Understands the purpose of rattle.

7 months

Anger is expressed when distracted from an activity.  Pleasure at routine. 
8 months 
Begin to build social contact with others.  Enjoy the presence of other babies.   

9 months

Can crawl and can sit.  Tries to stand but will fall.  Attentive to visual stimuli.  Can grasp using thumb and index finger and learned to release grip, dropping the object.  Will look for dropped objects.  Can hold a bottle or a cup and will begin to eat using fingers.

Will be playing peek-a-boo and will imitate hand clapping.  Will stay close to adults that are familiar to them.  Begins to empathise with emotions of others.   

Will be vocal in order to gain attention.  Will babble often.

Watches other people with great interest.  Able to find toys that are part hidden.  Will know their name.  Will show...

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