Child And Adolescent Development Essay

4929 words - 20 pages


Physical and Motor Development of Children and Adolescents
A Project Presented
In partial fulfillment of the course
(Prof. Ed 233)
1ST SEM. S.Y 2013-2014

This book is aim to provide the readers the importance and awareness of various development processes that focuses on the physical and motor ...view middle of the document...

II. Brain Development……………………………..
Early Childhood………………………………..
Middle Childhood………………………………
Environmental Influences on Developmental of the Brain……………………………………………
III. Factors Affecting Developmental: Maternal Nutrition, Child Nutrition, Early Sensory Stimulation……
Maternal Nutrition………………………………
Child Nutrition…………………………………
Early Sensory Stimulation……………………..
Factors that affect growth………………………
IV. Exceptional Development: Physical Disabilities, Sensory Impairments, Learning Disabilities, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders……………
Physical Disabilities………………………………….
Sensory Impairments…………………………………
Learning Disabilities…………………………………
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders(ADHD)…

 To be able to identify the physical and motor development in childh

I. Physical and motor development
Early childhood.
Overall growth is clearly in height and weight measures. While there is no indication that height is correlated with professional accomplishments, life insurance statistics have established a positive correlated although there is no direct evidence pointing to tall people becoming brighter, creative, and superior to shorter people.
Growth manifested at the earliest stage, usually following a cephalocaudal trend in the lengthening of the neck and torso, followed by the legs. Brain and neck develop earlier than legs and trunks, following the proximodistal pattern, development occur from the center outward: Example, the internal organs develop earlier than the arms and hands.
According to Tanner (1990 as cited by Hetherington, et al., 2006) genetic factors strongly influence physical characteristics. However, growth is not seen as influenced only by genetic factors but also by nutrition, physical and psychological disorders and even climate. When placed under the same environmental condition, individual growth curves tend to assume similarities. It is when placed with unfavorable conditions, like inadequate nutrition, that growth rates become depressed seriously.
(Pollitt, 1994 as cited by Hetherington et al., 2006) It is between ages 6 and 12 that children grow 2 to 3 inches high and add 6 pounds each year. At this age, large muscles are coordinated and they acquire more skills hand-rendering them able to engage in activities requiring motor coordination added strength and speed like bike riding. It is also during this age that children acquire hand-eye coordination. With the hand-eye coordination they are able to engage in activities involving vision with body movements such as shooting a basketball or playing the piano or violin.
(Tanner, 1990 as cited by Bee and Boyd, 2002) Among school-aged children, this development is seen in the fine motor coordination as exemplified in writing, drawing, cutting, and other related school tasks. The uses of the hands are made possible by...

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