Chicken Pox: Varicella-Zoster- Its Epidemiology
Grand Canyon University
A communicable disease that affects any age group is Varicella, or more commonly known as Chicken Pox. This contagious disease is caused by the Varicella-Zoster Virus. A person who has not had the virus, or has been vaccinated with chicken pox can get the disease. Symptoms of chicken pox include high fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, and headaches. Chicken pox causes fluid filled blisters that show up on the face, chest and back, then spreading onto the rest of the body. The fluid filled blisters eventually turns into scabs as the disease progresses. A person who received the chicken pox vaccine can get the ...view middle of the document...
Treatment for the virus includes over the counter medications to treat the symptoms of the virus, such as the fever and topical creams for the blisters, as it will itch. It is necessary to contact a health professional when a person who has a higher risk of complications comes into contact with an infected person. Treatment for those individuals with high risks of complications, or whose symptoms are stronger than normal, would be given an anti-viral medications, such as Acyclovir.
Since the introduction of the chicken pox vaccine in 1995 in the United States, the number of cases of chicken pox that were reported have significantly dropped. Overall, chicken pox has declined 82% throughout the years of 2000 and 2010. (CDC 2012)
Social determinants of health are conditions in the environments in which people are: born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age. These affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. (Healthy People 2020, 2015). When the conditions of the social determinants are not favorable towards the population, for example poor water quality and supply, that creates a weakness to the overall idea of sustainability in the population. Without proper drinking water, the risk of that community of contamination and disease, rises. A communicable disease is a disease that can be transmitted. A communicable disease chain starts with an infective agent that transmits itself off a source such as a place in the environment, and moves onto a source of infection, such as a person or livestock. The chain continues when the transmission is carried to different places by different modes such as by contact or airborne.
In the case of chicken pox, the determinants that become favorable towards the virus growing is in groups of children that come into close contact. Along with that, in communities that do not have health resources, complications from the disease could increase the risk of fatality from such a virus.
Ways to break the link of a communicable disease chain is the lower the exposure risk if treating a person with a communicable disease. When presented with such a case in the hospital, the patient isolated from any other patients, and staffing wears protective gear on our clothing so that we may not carry disease pass the patient’s room area. If the patient is on an air borne or droplet precautions, masks are to worn by staff and visitors. Finally, and the most important thing, is proper hygiene, such as washing hands before and after care for the patients and attending to their area.
Within the household, it is necessary for those that would have a higher risk of complications from the virus to not come in contact with those that have been infected. With the proper health resources, knowledge on how to control the infection from spread is as important as tackling the virus itself.
The epidemiologic triangle of Chicken pox includes the Virus as its agent. This virus is...