This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Chapter1 Case Essay

2458 words - 10 pages

International Business Management
Chapter Two
Understanding the Role of Culture
__________________________________________________
What is meant by the culture of society, and why is it important for international managers to understand it?
What is meant by the culture of society, Explain how culture affects all aspects of international management?
Culture A set of shared values, understandings, assumptions, and goals that are learned from earlier generations, imposed by present members of a society, and passed on to succeeding generations.
A critical skill for managing people and processes in other countries is cultural savvy that is, a working knowledge of the ...view middle of the document...

Such a process of adaptation to the environment is necessary to successfully implement strategy. It also leads to effective interaction in a workforce of increasing cultural diversity, in both the United States and other countries



Company reports and management studies make it clear that a lack of cultural sensitivity costs businesses money and opportunities. One study of U.S. multinational corporations found that poor intercultural communication skills still constitute a major management problem. Managers’ knowledge of other cultures lags far behind their understanding of other organizational processes. In a synthesis of the research on cross cultural training, Black and Mendenhall found that up to 40 percent of expatriate managers leave their assignments early because of poor performance or poor adjustment to the local environment. About half of those who remain are considered only marginally effective. Furthermore, they found that cross-cultural differences are the cause of failed negotiations and interactions, resulting in losses to U.S. firms of over $2 billion a year for failed expatriate assignments alone.
Culture and its effects on organizations: As generally understood, the culture of a society comprises the shared values, understandings assumptions, and goals that are learned from earlier generations, imposed by present members of a society, and passed on to succeeding generations. This shared outlook results, in large part, in common attitudes, codes of conduct, and expectations that subconsciously guide and control certain norms of behavior. One is born into, not with, a given culture, and gradually internalizes its subtle effects through the socialization process. Culture results in a basis for living grounded in shared communication standards, codes of conduct, and expectations. Over time, cultures evolve as societies adapt to transitions in their external and internal environments and relationships. A manager assigned to a foreign subsidiary, for example, must expect to find large and small differences in the behavior of individuals and groups within that organization.
These differences result from the societal or sociocultural variables of the culture, such as religion and language, in addition to prevailing national variables, such as economic, legal, and political factors. National and sociocultural variables, thus, provide the context for the development and perpetuation of cultural variables. These cultural variables, in turn, determine basic attitudes toward work, time materialism, individualism, and change. Such attitudes affect an individual’s motivation and expectations regarding work and group relations, and they ultimately affect the outcomes that can be expected from that individual



Organizational Culture
Compared to societal culture, which is often widely held within a region or nation organizational culture varies a great deal from one organization, company, institution or group to another....

Other Papers Like Chapter1 Case

Ethics And Social Responsibility: Kantz Ethics Of Duty

2226 words - 9 pages Kant’s Ethics of Duty CHAPTER1: BACKGROUND Kant's ethics of duty holds that only a rational being could have a moral duty because only a rational being could envision something beyond what he wants in the moment to satisfy himself or to do harm to others. Only a rational being could conceive of an ethical duty to act according to the consideration that all other human beings would act in the same way. No animal or irrational human being

Potential Problems & Causes in English Morphology and the Way to Overcome Them

2208 words - 9 pages will go with it. Prefixes and Suffixes A prefix is a bound morpheme that is attached to the beginning of a stem (Saussure 1986: 186). In English, as is the case with most Indo-European languages (Saussure 1986: 186), prefixes convey only semantic meaning, and not grammatical function. According to The Grammar Book, prefixes usually perform the task of changing the semantic meaning of a word (Celce-Murcia and Larsen-Freeman 1999: 35

Conceptual Framework For Financial Reporting 2010

1964 words - 8 pages case did not reach the intended target, some companies relying adjustment report under false pretenses; the figures would be transform from detrimental performance, resulting in distortion of the data. Solution * Revised "Accounting Law" stepped up to punish violations, and revised criminal law, corporate and securities law, found that fraud must take decisive punitive measures in particular supervision of listed companies

Lit1 Task 1

3996 words - 16 pages govern their formation and business operations. Usually, the business and personal income are combined in the sole proprietor’s tax returns and business losses are deducted from his gross income. Sole proprietorships can also be easily shut down upon the decision of the owner. Disadvantages: The business owner he may lose his assets including his personal properties to pay creditors in case the business fails or incurs debts. b) General

Documentation

3217 words - 13 pages partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of “Bachelor’s Degree in Information Technology”. Table of Contents ABSTRACT:……………………………………………………………………………………………….3 CHAPTER1…………….…………………………………………………………………………………4 1.1 1.2 Introduction…………………………………….………………………………………………….4 Problem Statement...........................................................................................................................4 1.3 Main Objectives

Basic Observations on Law and Morality

5206 words - 21 pages this legal v. moral distinction is expressed. We find it also in the important Greek philosophers, who frequently discuss the distinction in terms of appearance and reality, or between what superficially seems or appears to be the case and what a thorough rational investigation reveals. Plato, for example, holds that knowledge of what is just or moral, and the ability to distinguish true justice or morality from what is merely apparently just

RFID And EPC

4660 words - 19 pages inventory, prevent theft and counterfeiting, and reduce out-of-stock levels - via case and pallet-level EPC. Down the road as we learn more about the technology, there may be opportunities to save costs and generate additional benefits for the supply chain and consumers via item-level EPC.RFID use increases monitoring and management of the inventory. Vendors use RFID printer/encoders to label cases and pallets that require EPC tags for P&G

Ford Paper

4517 words - 19 pages the United States is mainly defined by the government bailouts of both General Motors and Chrysler, while Ford secured a line of credit in case they require a bridging loan in the near future. Car sales declined in the United States, affecting both US based and foreign car manufacturers. The automotive industry was hit by a substantial increase in the prices of automotive fuels[22] in regard to the 2003-2008 energy crisis (see graph 1). Oil

Any Given Sunday - a Sociological Analysis

5192 words - 21 pages inner-city youth to look up to.” In this case, the city has provided for the team – a fan base which equates to revenue. And, the team has given the city many intangibles – role models, identity with the team, and financial support for programs. Christina is having a difficult time convincing the Mayor that the new stadium is a priority, so she looks at other options. She is able to strike an initial deal with a developer in Los Angeles that

Eating Habits

4678 words - 19 pages EATING HABITS OF BATANGEÑOS A Proposed Study Presented to the Faculty of College of Tourism Hospitality Management In Partial Fulfilment Of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Hotel and Restaurant Management CHAPTER1 The Problem and its Background INTRODUCTION Eating is the ingestion of food to provide for all organisms their nutritional or medicinal needs particularly for energy and growth. Everyone must

Example Of Proposal

9563 words - 39 pages scope of study and a short summary for chapter1. 1.1 Research Background Nowadays customer expectation and demand have different compare to last time due to the advanced of technology such as Internet. In order to manage a success business customer satisfaction is one of the main intention that need to take into consideration. (Abedniya.A, Zaeim.M.N) Thus, every firms need to keep on make improvement in the services quality so it

Related Essays

Chapter1 Thesis Salesandinventory Essay

1493 words - 6 pages The used of manual processes in business has decline since the rise of computerized and automated systems. And in fact, nowadays, the use of computer-based business system has become prevalent all throughout the developed and developing countries around the world due to the increased productivity and efficiency of data processing. In the case of Montejo Newspaper Supply and Magazine Distribution they are currently using the manual sales and

Distributed Systems Essay

2741 words - 11 pages SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING, COMPUTING AND IT In Collaboration with Stamford College Module Title: Distributed System Research Topic: Topic: Travel Agents Management System (TAMS) Student Name: Izeuma Isaac Ede Module Code: CN3057 UEL Id: u0855510 Stamford Id: 1118079 Module leader: THINAGARAN PERUMAL Date of Exam: Dec, 2011 Intake: Fed 2009 Table of Content Chapter1. Introduction

Individual Research Paper

1842 words - 8 pages greatest number of people. In a scenario where 3 items are supposed to be distributed to 3 people, the easiest way to distribute the items would be to give each person an item. But in a case where some people did not want the items, the 5 items would have to be distributed to those who loved them. In this case, the problem of fairness is present as well as the problem of how the items should be distributed. So, in an event where goods are maximized

Cis 500 Assignment 4

1830 words - 8 pages response results as they go. With each prediction you must have goal in mind, for example you may want to understand your customer's online purchasing behavior versus their purchasing behavior within the store. The article continues to expand on this with this example, "consider a customer's online behavior: Customers who spend less time logged on may be less likely to renew their annual subscription. In this case, retention campaigns can be