WORLD MUSIC CHAPTER 5
1. Why does the Indian classical tradition dominate the musical image of South Asia in the west?
The classical music of India has gained most of the attention of outsiders probably due to the colonization era that has brought Indo-European invaders (Aryan Civilization) into their territory between 2000 and 1500 BCE due to the presence of rich resources. However, Indian music, unlike the communal music of Africa and Southeast Asia, is individual and often virtuosic and can be both vocal and instrumental. The Hindustani one (North) is more appealing to the Western society as it is more instrumental based, whereas the Carnatic (south) one is more vocally oriented. ...view middle of the document...
3. Compare and contrast Hindustani and Carnatic music traditions.
Carnatic music and Hindustani music are two kinds of music traditions in India that show some important differences between them when it comes to the nature of singing, style of singing and the techniques involved in them.
Carnatic music is said to have originated in the Karnatak region of south India. On the other hand Hindustani music is said to have originated in several parts of northern and western India in different times.
While Carnatic music is sung and performed in only one style, there are various styles of singing and performing in Hindustani music. Each style of school is called a ‘gharana’.
The number of ragas used in Carnatic music is more when compared to the fewer ragas used in Hindustani music. It is interesting to note that Carnatic music is characterized by the presence of 72-melakarta raga scheme. Each of the 72 principal ragas is divided into several subordinate ragas.
Both the types of music differ in terms of the instruments used in the playing of music as well. While both types of music use instruments such as violin and flute, Hindustani music extensively employs the use of Tabla (a kind of drum or a percussion instrument), Sarangi (a stringed instrument), Santoor, Sitar, etc.
On the other hand Carnatic music extensively employs the use of musical instruments such as Veena (a stringed instrument), Mridangam (a percussion instrument), Gottuvadyam, Mandolin, Violin, Flute, Jalatarangam.
4. How do filmi songs differ from Qawwali songs?
For Qawwali songs, both instrumental and vocal parts are important. The poetry is implicitly understood to be spiritual in its meaning, even though the lyrics can sometimes sound wildly secular, or outright hedonistic. The central themes of qawwali are love, devotion and longing (of man for the Divine). A group of qawwali musicians, called a party (or Humnawa in Urdu), typically consists of eight or nine men...