Personal ethics is an individual's belief about morality or conscience .It defines one’s stand on what is right or wrong.This branch of ethics gradually develops since childhood and tend to emulate the things which are set as an moral value to us by our parents or guardians in the family. It can heavily be influenced from any major incident in our life.
Personal ethics refers to the ethics that a person identifies with in respect to people and situations that they deal with in everyday life.
Professional ethics defines adherence to rules and regulation. The individual is expected to follow religiously, the code of ethics framed by the organization .It can be ...view middle of the document...
• Professional ethics often include more diverse and wide-ranging responsibilities.
• Professional ethics are also often more specific than personal ethics. While personal ethics guides a person's overall behavior, professional ethics often provide instruction on how to respond to certain situations.
Professional ethics often include policies on how to deal with things like customer complaints or conflicts of interest.
• Some professions require objectivity and impartiality, which may conflict with an individual's personal ethics, especially if compassion and a willingness to step in to help others is an important part of his ethical code. Sometimes, individuals find they must separate their personal ethics from their professional ethics while at work.
THE STAGES OF MORAL REASONING
Level 1. Preconventional Morality
• Stage 1 - Obedience and Punishment
The earliest stage of moral development is especially common in young children, but adults are also capable of expressing this type of reasoning. At this stage, children see rules as fixed and absolute. Obeying the rules is important because it is a means to avoid punishment.
• Stage 2 - Individualism and Exchange
At this stage of moral development, children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs. In the Heinz dilemma, children argued that the best course of action was the choice that best-served Heinz’s needs. Reciprocity is possible at this point in moral development, but only if it serves one's own interests.
Level 2. Conventional Morality
• Stage 3 - Interpersonal Relationships
Often referred to as the "good boy-good girl" orientation, this stage of moral development is focused on living up to social expectations and roles. There is an emphasis on conformity, being "nice," and consideration of how choices influence relationships.
• Stage 4 - Maintaining Social Order
At this stage of moral development, people begin to consider society as a whole when making judgments. The focus is on maintaining law and order by following the rules, doing one’s duty and respecting authority.
Level 3. Postconventional Morality
• Stage 5 - Social Contract and Individual Rights
At this stage, people begin to account for the differing values, opinions and beliefs of other people. Rules of law are important for maintaining a society, but members of the society should agree upon these standards.
• Stage 6 -...