This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Change And Continuity In Russian History

3278 words - 14 pages

In the past hundred years Russian history has been littered with Revolutions, from the 1905 Revolution to the fall of Communism in 1991. Throughout this time Tsars, Communists and Democrats have exercised different systems of government in order to stay in power or gain power by offering huge economic reforms in order to appease the masses or to keep most important sectors of society prosperous and content. Although historians would argue that in many of these cases change occurred for political reasons, it is equally as easy to argue, if not more so, that at the heart of every issue that caused or had the potential to cause revolution were underlying economic motives, ...view middle of the document...

During Stalin’s reign the key importance of economic concessions remained but the area of society that needed to be pacified differed. Stalin required both to keep with Marxist theory and sustain the party power base he had created on his rise to power, building a strong proletariat within the party at the expense of the peasantry who had benefited so much from the NEP. It was his policies of Collectivisation and rapid industrial growth in the form of the Five Year Plans that would offer the best economic future for the working class at the expense of the peasant’s support, thus the party became the best system of social mobility for the average worker.
The prosperity that the regime could offer through this upward mobility, undoubtedly reinforced by Stalin’s ruthless police state, meant the party was able to grow and stay in control.
Equally just as delivering such prosperity to the masses had prolonged the rule of The Tsars and Communist Party alike, the failure to grant such reforms had proved disastrous for those in power. This point was illustrated by the expulsion of the Provisional Government in November 1917. It was due to its inability to implement the changes it had promised, principally land re-distribution and Soviet power that it ultimately failed. It is a fair assumption that had the government been able to deliver on these economic promises there may have not been the support for its overthrow. Equally it was the Bolshevik Party and Lenin’s ability to offer these promises that proved the turning point in their fortunes.

Throughout the 19th and early 20th Century the Tsars struggled with the “peasant problem”. The emancipation of the serfs in 1861 had simply made things worse for the peasantry; redemption payments and population growth by the start of the 20th Century caused waves of unrest to emerge starting in 1902. A variety of protests, ranging from illegal pasturing, timber cutting, labour and rent strikes occurred and calls for boycotts of tax, conscription and redemption payments continued throughout this time. It is clear by these actions that the peasantry demanded economic reforms and were less concerned with the issues pressed by newly founded political groups hoping to liberalise Russia. This can be seen from a Newspaper report of the rural disturbances at the time of attacks to all parties land, even those pushing for land reforms:
“The farms of… well-known zemstvo liberals.. have suffered along with the rest.”
This is perhaps evidence of the peasantry’s passive attitude to the political calls for reforms and their more urgent requirement for economic change. Arguably that this is why the peasantry joined protests and therefore explains why only such reforms to their land could quell the threat they now posed to the Tsar and his government. Due to the need to pacify the peasantry, the process of devolution began in 1906. This was necessary as the peasants who had joined the 1905 Revolution and the events of...

Other Papers Like Change And Continuity In Russian History

Managing Change and Political Risk: the Russian Aviation Industry

1280 words - 6 pages Managing Change from fallout of Political Risk: Russian Commercial Aviation Background: Political risk realized. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, a crippling paralysis rapidly settled over most sectors of the economy. The ultimate political risk to a national economy had been realized – the entire collapse of a centralized management paradigm. Even basic services halted – tomato farms as well as police

Position Paper on Negotiations on Climate Change and the Suggested Steps by the Russian Government

1386 words - 6 pages The Russian Federation United Nations COP 17 Position Paper on Negotiations on Climate Change and the Suggested Steps by the Russian Government In a fight to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change, the Russian government acknowledges that there is an immediate need to collectively take action to combat this global issue. Russia feels that this can be accomplished, with the implementation of strict resolutions, whilst avoiding

The Crisis In Ukraine: Russian Government And The West

1875 words - 8 pages against Ukraine’s integration into the European Union, if a serious prospect of EU entry were to emerge, Moscow’s reaction would be negative. Russians do not want business excluded from investing in the Ukrainian economy. They do not want Kiev hindering their export of natural gas to consumers west of Ukraine. Chaotic governance and political messiness means that Ukraine does not offer the Russian population an attractive alternative to Moscow’s

In the Context of the Period 1825-1937, to What Extent Was the First Five Year Plan (1928-1933) the Most Successful Change to Russian Economic Output?

4029 words - 17 pages the population in a view that challenges the notion that the economic policy was merely an instrument of Stalin’s dictatorship. This demonstrates that industrialisation was introduced to change Russian economic output than just to strengthen Stalin's dictatorship and was successful in doing so. The first five year plan established a framework for Soviet economics within which the country operated as long as it existed. Works by Western

Change and Development in Apple Inc

1753 words - 8 pages Change and development inAplle Inc. Apple Inc. Change and Development Efforts. Abstract This research seeks to explore the issues that affect Apple Inc. and reveal how best they can be addressed. The research methodology utilized in the study will be a mixed methods approach. This utilizes both qualitative and quantitative methods as they will be used concurrently through

The Change in Womens Role in Sports and the Olympics

809 words - 4 pages The Change in Womens Role in Sports and the Olympics Sport has always been seen as a past time for men from the first Olympic games in 1000-776BC in honour of Zeus, the father of the gods. The women only Herean games were formed also in 1000-776BC but were soon banned by Roman emperor Theodsious. Women haven't had

The Drastic Change In Society And In Family Diversity

1090 words - 5 pages The Drastic Change in Society and in Family Diversity In the 1960's families were a lot more traditional than nowadays, and most families were nuclear, which means a married a couple with children. Although, times have changed a lot since the 1960’s, what is deemed as socially acceptable has changed a great deal since those times, social mores have changed a great deal, and different types of families, as they are

Church in History and Major Christian Denominations

572 words - 3 pages Church In History and Major Christian Denominations Martin Luther, Church in History: Martin Luther created an immense impact and a turning point on the Western Civilization and to the history of the Catholic Church through his 95 theses, they challenged the Pope, Rome and the Catholic Church and ultimately lead to others taking a stand against the churches way and actions therefore leading to a religious revolution. Martin’s impact on the

The Ultimate Evil and Cruelty in History

1131 words - 5 pages most intense form of systematic cruelty in the history of humanity.” (Animal Experiments) Animal testing is far from “the ultimate evil” or “systematic cruelty.” Many rules and regulations have been set on animal testing. One might think that animals are malnourished and locked up in tiny cages, but it’s not true. The regulations make sure that nothing of the sort happens to the animals. The laws state that veterinary care must

Innovation, Adapt to Change and Productivity Interrelationship in Telecommunications Industry

1313 words - 6 pages | Innovation, Adapt to change and Productivity interrelationship in Telecommunications Industry. | Article Summary | for Economic Analysis(ECO740) | | | Prepared for: ASSOC. PROF. DR. AZIZ SULAIMAN Introduction The Telecommunications industry is currently undergoing changes due to globalization and new technological developments. Links between technologies within the technological system will change over time

Economic, Social and Political Change in 19th Century

977 words - 4 pages The profound economic change that occurred in the early 1900’s was largely influenced and formed by the industrial revolution, in particular the second wave that occurred in the late 1800’s. The revolution as a whole resulted in the change from economies based on agriculture and farming, to industry based profits. This second wave of the revolution not only refined and improved the prior inventions of iron and coal, but brought with it new

Related Essays

Change And Continuity In The Guilded Age

1256 words - 6 pages Change and Continuity in the Gilded Age Emergence of Modern America       “Every day things change, but basically they stay the same.”-Dave Matthews Change and continuity are two major principles of life. They can easily be applied to history because their application accurately portrays the circumstances, and characterizes the era of interest. Merriam-Webster defines continuity as an

Continuity And Change Essay

1038 words - 5 pages Continuity and Change a) Briefly outline one theory of social change you have studied. Interactionism The Interactionism theory is an appropriate theory of social change as supporters of this theory believe that an individual develops an understanding of self by interacting with others in their community and that it is through the interaction between individuals that a social structure is formed. This theory continues to suggest that

Norman Conquest Change And Continuity Essay

2503 words - 11 pages What was the impact of the Norman Conquest? With the Norman Conquest there certainly came change, impacting certain areas of government and society, some clear and some more superficial, yet despite this there was underlying continuity from the Anglo Saxon era in other areas. There was clear change in areas such as the military, geopolitics, land tenure and social life under the Normans took on a different pattern. The underlying

To What Extent Do Conservatives Believe In Tradition And Continuity

1166 words - 5 pages Tradition is based on practices, ideas and institutions that have passed through time and has been produced from its earliest of origins. Conservatives stress the importance of tradition as it allows continuity between different time frames, traditional conservatives are against change so tradition creates a bases of society staying the same for examples, in terms of being hierarchical. The terms of tradition has caused conflict within