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Challenging Behaviour Essay

2512 words - 11 pages

This assignment is going to discuss the causes, effects and strategies relating to challenging behaviours in settings. It will incorporate the discussion on available legislation that attempts to deal with challenging behaviour in settings such as work based settings. It will further analyse behaviour and its impact on the individual of a variety of special needs and challenging behaviours and will look at the positive support planning available that attempts to address challenging behaviour. According to Emerson et al (2011), “challenging behaviour is an umbrella term used to describe any behaviour that puts the person and those around them at risk”. Examples of challenging behaviour are ...view middle of the document...

Medical influences like discomfort or illness can cause an individual to behave in a certain way. Illnesses such as Alzheimer’s and other dementias often produce behaviours that can be difficult to manage leading to the exhibition of certain personalities not known to be existing in the individual before. For example, a hospitable and welcoming individual might end up exhibiting a personality of withdrawal and wanting to be in isolation away from visitors and can be seen to be turning people away who come on their front door. Another influence can be substance misuse for various reasons such as pleasurable effects, self-medication of a mental disorder and the alteration of mental state. According to Volkow and Ting-Kai Li (2004), “Repeated drug use can result in addiction, which is manifested as an intense desire for the drug with an impaired ability to control the urges to take that drug, even at the expense of serious adverse consequences”. Various factors come into play and Volkow and Ting-Kai Li points to “environmental factors related to drug misuse such as low socio-economic class, poor parental support and drug availability as contributory to the behaviour of continued misuse.
Psychiatric Influences are also causes of challenging behaviour and these can be depression that might cause an individual to be withdrawn or to show aggression towards individuals trying to offer them a service. Depression can come in the form of maniac depression resulting in the individual’s mood to seriously alter. An individual might also experience decreased appetite and/or weight loss, or overeating and weight gain, difficulty in concentrating, remembering, and making decisions as part of their behaviour. Another cause can be psychosis related may be indicated by aggression that has no clear precipitating factors and is associated with bizarre behaviours suggestive of hallucinations or paranoia. The last but not least influences are the environmental influences that cause an individual to follow certain behaviour. These influences can be living or working environment, life changing events, interaction issues and life cycles. Under the environmental, the behaviour exhibited by the individual serves as the purpose for their existence. The influences mentioned above causes a behaviour that can be seen to be ideal if the individual is successful in changing their internal or external environment through that behaviour. For example an individual might succeed in gaining access to preferred activities or they might find that their behaviour is getting them the attention they require in the society and may feel a need to maintain it for their benefit.
In work based settings, challenging behaviours often linked to mental health are often down to the inexperience of the care givers to notice what will be going on with the clients especially in cases where there is a problem with communication. As mentioned earlier, illness and pain may help to explain some of...

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