Answer two questions:
1) What do you see as the three main turning points that have created the internal political and cultural tensions in the Central America region from the colonial period to the present day? Describe these turning points in terms of the people who were involved in creating change and the controversies of the times.
The history of Central America is considered to be a colorful one but rather complicated and even tragic because a lot of historical events took place and influenced greatly the political, economic and cultural development of the Central America region. (Perez-Brignoli, 1989)
It is known that Central America has seen wars and dictators, foreign ...view middle of the document...
It is known that the United Provinces of Central America which consisted of five countries Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua had a very short-lived existence. (Gudmunson & Lindo-Fruentis, 1995)
I think that the federal republic which was founded in 1823 with Francisco Morazan at the head did not have any chances to exist. The internal struggle between the liberals and conservatives was endless. The conservatives struggled for the central government, limitation of voting rights and the leading role of the Catholic Church. The liberals wanted the church to be separated from the state. They also struggled for the major power of states but not of the central government. The population suffered greatly. Finally Morazan was overthrown in 1840. (Booth & Walker, 1999)
However, I think this fact of the history of Central America can be considered a turning point.
The other turning point was the period from 1944 to 1954 when there were some progressive and democratic changes in the country. People did not want to live under oppression. There were a lot of strikes organized by the students and working class. A new Constitution was adopted in 1945.
Juan Jose Arevalo was chosen a leader of this revolution and became the first reformist president of Guatemala. There was a great deal of reforms carried out in the country. For example, the Congress had the right to prevent and limit business operations of the foreign monopolies. There were great changes in the economical life, in the educational system. (Handy, 1994)
2) In your opinion, why did the level of violence escalate so dramatically in some...