a) What is Schistosomiasis?
Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms. It is also known as bilharzia and the causal parasite lives in the freshwater snail (CDC).
b) What is the etiologic agent of Schistosomiasis? Is it a bacterium, virus, fungus, protozoan, or helminth? How is it transmitted?
The etiologic agent for Schistosomiasis is helminth which is caused by blood trematodes. The mode of transmission is from infected water by the freshwater snail which is used for bathing or swimming.
c) What are the signs and symptoms of Schistosomiasis?
The first symptom is itchy and or dry skin. And if not treated, many more symptoms may arise which includes ...view middle of the document...
c. What are the signs and symptoms of Trichomoniasis?
The symptoms of Trichomoniasis range from irritation to acute inflammation. In men, symptoms like burning after urination or ejaculation may occur. While in women, a thin discharge with an unusual smell and in yellowish or greenish color may be noticed.
d. What are the complications of Trichomoniasis?
The complications include the increase risk of spreading or getting other sexually transmitted diseases. It can also serves as a loophole for getting infected to human immunodeficiency virus.
e. How common is Trichomoniasis?
It is considered as the most common curable sexually transmitted diseases. Women are most commonly affected with this disease than men. Also, younger women are not at much risk than the older women.
f. How is it treated?
Trichomoniasis can be treated with the use of antibiotics medication – metronidazole or tinidazole.
A. What is bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial Vaginosis is a state where there is a replacement of some certain bacteria in the vagina after the normal balance of the bacteria has been disrupted.
B. How is bacterial vaginosis transmitted?
As it cause is not entirely understood, therefore associated with the imbalance in the bacteria found in the vagina. Having multiple sex partners or a new sex partner can displease the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina.
C. Describe the signs and symptoms of the disease.
Women with this type of disease may witness abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor. Burning during urination or itching around the vagina may occur too.
D. Are there any complications? Are there any complications in pregnant women?
Bacterial vaginosis has some complications which includes; susceptibility to HIV infection, increase in the development of an infection following surgical procedures such as a hysterectomy or an abortion. In pregnant women, the complication includes giving birth to premature babies or low weight at birth.
E. How is the disease prevented? How is it treated?
Bacterial vaginosis could be treated with the use of antibiotics – metronidazole or clindamycin. As the cause of this disease is associated with having multiple sex partners, the only way of preventing is controlling the amount of sex partners or be abstinent from sex.
What is the etiologic agent for leptospirosis? Is it a bacterium, virus, fungus, or protozoan? How is it transmitted?
The etiologic agent for leptospirosis is protozoan. It is transmitted by exposing to the urine or body fluid of the infected animals.
What is the reservoir for the infectious agent?
Animals are the main reservoir for this infection. Animals include rodents, cattle, swine, dogs, horses, sheep, and goats.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
The symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting, muscle aches, jaundice, abdominal pain, and skin rashes.
How is it treated? How can it be prevented?