This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Causes For Hiv/Aids Essay

634 words - 3 pages

Causes for HIV/AIDS
HIV is transmitted when the virus enters the body, usually by injecting infected cells or semen. There are several possible ways in which the virus can enter.
 Most commonly, HIV infection is spread by having sex with an infected partner. The virus can enter the body through the lining of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum, or mouth during sex.
 HIV frequently spreads among injection-drug users who share needles or syringes that are contaminated with blood from an infected person.
 Women can transmit HIV to their babies during pregnancy or birth, when infected maternal cells enter the baby's circulation.
 HIV can be spread in health-care settings through accidental needle sticks or contact with contaminated fluids.
 Very rarely, HIV spreads through transfusion of contaminated blood or blood components. Blood products are now tested to minimize this risk. If tissues or organs from an infected person are transplanted, the ...view middle of the document...

Many people do not develop symptoms after they first get infected with HIV. Others have a flu-like illness within several days to weeks after exposure to the virus. They complain of fever, headache, tiredness, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. These symptoms usually disappear on their own within a few weeks. After that, the person feels normal and has no symptoms. This asymptomatic phase often lasts for years.
The progression of disease varies widely among individuals. This state may last from a few months to more than 10 years.
During this period, the virus continues to multiply actively and infects and kills the cells of the immune system.
The virus destroys the cells that are the primary infection fighters, a type of white blood cell called CD4 cells.
Even though the person has no symptoms, he or she is contagious and can pass HIV to others through the routes listed above.
AIDS is the later stage of HIV infection, when the body begins losing its ability to fight infections. Once the CD4 cell count falls low enough, an infected person is said to have AIDS. Sometimes, the diagnosis of AIDS is made because the person has unusual infections or cancers that show how weak the immune system is.
The infections that happen with AIDS are called opportunistic infections because they take advantage of the opportunity to infect a weakened host. The infections include (but are not limited to)
pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis, which causes wheezing;
brain infection with toxoplasmosis which can cause trouble thinking or symptoms that mimic a stroke;
widespread infection with a bacteria called MAC (mycobacterium avium complex) which can cause fever and weight loss;
yeast infection of the swallowing tube (esophagus) which causes pain with swallowing;
widespread diseases with certain fungi like histoplasmosis, which can cause fever, cough, anemia, and other problems.
A weakened immune system can also lead to other unusual conditions:
lymphoma in (a form of cancer of the lymphoid tissue) the brain, which can cause fever and trouble thinking;
a cancer of the soft tissues called Kaposi's sarcoma, which causes brown, reddish, or purple spots that develop on the skin or in the mouth.

Other Papers Like Causes for Hiv/Aids

Hiv /Aids Epidemic Essay

1155 words - 5 pages | HIV/AIDS: | A Global Epidemic | | [Type the author name] | HCA 240 HEALTH AND DISEASES | | HIV/AIDS: A Global Epidemic Human Immunodeficiency Virus also known as HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is a disease that attacks the immune system specifically targeting CD4 cells or T cells. HIV makes you more susceptible to certain types of cancers and infections that our bodies would normally resist such as pneumonia and

The Devasting Effects Of The AIDS

1174 words - 5 pages from somebody else who has it (Houle 7). “Immuniodefienciency” means there is an issue with the body's immune system, one's immune system is what cures somebody when they get a cold or any kind of sickness (Houle 8). “Syndrome” is defined as more than one symptoms make a specific problem. (Houle 8). HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency virus, is what causes AIDS. (Houle 8-9). HIV is a virus that gets rid of healthy cells that back the immune system

Aids - Essay 7

2849 words - 12 pages viral genes to become a permanent fixture in the infected cells and in the offsprings of these cells (Fighting Infectious Diseases). HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus which causes Acquired Immune Deficiency (AIDS). (tracking Cancer: Rosen) Inhabitants who are contaminated with AIDS have an increased risk of developing an arrangement of cancers. After one individual is tainted with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), it hitches a

Happ354 Responsive Writing1

675 words - 3 pages of control in the future (Arledge, 2006). Often it is assumed that HIV/AIDS is prevalent in Africa and other third world countries. This misconception is so widespread that no one has ever thought that it would be so serious health issue in the United States itself, affecting economic and social stability. Before watching this documentary, I was also influenced by this stereotype and it was quite shocking for me to find out that over 52% of all

Risk Behaviour in Adolscents

935 words - 4 pages substances and to have had sexual intercourse.” Thus it is shown that a lack of education can lead to risky behaviour amongst juveniles and evidently lead to teenagers becoming infected with HIV/AIDS. Substances Abuse Secondly the abuse of dangerous substances is directly linked to risk behaviour and can also lead to infection with HIV/AIDS, as the disease can be transferred through infected needles. Although there are many causes and circumstances

The Politics of Hiv/Aids

1265 words - 6 pages caused many families and individuals to spend their incomes and life savings just to pay for the cost of treating their HIV/AIDS infection.( The result of this has been a dramatic shift in spending as well as the impoverishment of large segments of the populations of many different countries which has caused many long-term economic losses to these nations, including the United States. According to the Center for Disease Control

AIDS, From Its History, How It Infects The Body, The Symptoms,How It Is Spread, And The Current Methods Of Treating The Disease

1644 words - 7 pages died of natural causes. AIDS has been discovered to have been started from a pack of a certain "Grey-green" monkeys, the virus started as simple and non-lethal, but it eventually mutated to what it is today, HIV-1 and HIV-2.In 1959, a hunter from the town of Kinshasa (town in present day West Africa), felt ill and went to a local hospital and gave some blood to be tested. Scientist who studied the blood found that something was terribly wrong with


2287 words - 10 pages Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS),[1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells.[3] HIV infection

Hiv and Aids

1046 words - 5 pages What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? Not many people know about these illnesses and are uneducated about how to prevent this contagious virus from spreading. Well in this paper, I will inform you of what the HIV virus and AIDS really is and how they are different from each other. I will also go over how the immunity system is affected, the treatments necessary for HIV and AIDS patients and the precautions that are necessary to avoid the

Hiv Epidemiology

1377 words - 6 pages effective cure for HIV, but with the proper medical care, it can be controlled and drastically prolong the life of someone infected with HIV which can also lower their chances of infecting others with the virus. The virus attacks the T cells in the body and over time it can do away with so many of the cells that the body cannot fight off infections or diseases. It is at that point when HIV infections becomes AIDS (CDC, 2015). Causes and Symptoms

Acknowledging Our Fears

855 words - 4 pages white blood cells to replicate themselves. This causes the immune system to break down leaving the body mores susceptible to illness. A patient diagnosed HIV positive develops AIDS when they are left without a sufficient immune system to fight off infections. Most people that die who have AIDS don’t usually die from the disease itself but from the diseases that a normal immune system would usually fight off in a couple of weeks, for example

Related Essays

Aids Project Essay

2520 words - 11 pages centers would prevent further transmission of HIV/AIDS. Proposed Program:- The proposed program is to increase proper educational staff and volunteers in the organization for proper approach to schools, colleges and universities to educate young people and students about HIV/AIDS causes and prevention. Approaching the people who are “at risk”, and giving recommended council in proper use of condoms, sterile syringes and safe sex

Hca 240 Infectious Disease Essay

666 words - 3 pages as one of the top causes of death in women. HIV is the fourth leading cause of death among women today. HIV is growing among minorities and is the largest in African-American males, with a rate of 6% rate of an African-American male having the disease, and it is also higher with Hispanics more than Caucasians (Zelman, Raymond, Holdaway, & Mulvilhil. 2010). Subsequently, HIV and AIDS is not the same thing. According to the Center for Disease

Hiv And Aids Essay

1393 words - 6 pages disease. This paper will be detailing the causes and effects, the different ways a person can acquire this infection, and the treatments of the HIV disease. The HIV/ AIDS infection has been an epidemic everywhere in the United States and including other countries. But during the 1990’s there has been a rise of the epidemic in thailand, and there are many cases that go unaccounted for in Africa. This chart shows how the rates increased during

Aids Epidemic Essay

1624 words - 7 pages cure, AIDS is as much of an epidemic in 2012 as it was in the early 80s, the public needs to become more aware and take proper preventative measures to protect themselves and others. June 5, 1981, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) reported of outbreaks of a sickness that had been unknown and resulted in unusual causes of death in the United States. Doctors reported a rare parasitic lung infection, Pneumocystics Carinii Pneumonia, which had