The French Revolution
The book that was reviewed is titled “The French Revolution: William Doyle”. It addresses some of the causes of the French revolution and the effects it had. The French Revolution is known as one of the most significant events in the world’s history. Its impact hardly can be overvalued due to globally caused implications. Therefore, it is considered as generally valid birth of civilized principles. Appropriate analyzing requires plenty of items considering. However, there is the try to outline the most significant causes and effects of great historical event.
Let’s start with the causes of the French Revolution. A major cause was social injustice and class ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, it is not surprising that depressed majority took actions for equality establishment.
Financial depression was another factor. Obviously, it left aside first two Estates. Actually, the unequal values distribution became one of the key factors which caused poverty of more than 95 percent of population. Except this, most historians blame unreasonable financial policy of Louis XIV king’s policy. In addition, we are able to outline intensive wars which required embedding of financial resources. Low harvest is also to be considered. All these factors led to large financial crisis in the second half of 18th century. It is clear that it influenced the bourgeoisie Estate only with increased taxes and duties it had to pay. Furthermore, price rise was one more confusing economic reality. As the result, the hunger was spread among lowest class throughout the whole France. Therefore, we have two significant causes that rose up the French Revolution, but this list wouldn’t be full without one more.
No doubt that poverty and inequality were essential features, but what led to common indignation awakening? The spirit of changes is the only reasonable explanation. In fact, it includes two main points – Enlightenment and American war for Independence. The effect of the first is much more significant for the French Revolution. The Enlightenment era is known as the kind of intellectual movement based on rationalism and free thinking. Actually, it has generated the foundation of civil society and democracy which we appreciate today. In addition, this movement is the primary source of political freedom, idea of state as a self-governing republic, religious tolerance, market-based mechanisms, capitalism, the scientific method etc... The most influential thinkers were Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Didro. Their works were spread among bourgeoisie what led to new common mind forming. Interesting that Enlightenment’s impact to French Revolution was recognized by both sides and it was claimed that the greatest thinkers found the grains that gave the birth of fundamental changes to a better life. On the other hand, the American Revolution wasn’t as impactful. However, the taken trend to justice establishment couldn’t leave aside a depressed French bourgeoisie. Enlightenment and American War for Independence assured that another society and state’s organization is not some kind of utopia.
It is absolutely clear that France has passed several stages while in a revolution: National Assembly establishment, the Reign of Terror etc... Each of them had their own unique impact. However, there is the assignment to find out key effects which summed up 12 years of revolutionary movement. Still, there are several points incredibly valued with far-reaching significance.
After the Revolution, France became the largest European republic state of time. From that moment, the power of individuals was significantly limited, as well as the Church’s, was...