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Catholicism And Islam Essay

908 words - 4 pages

“I love you when you bow in your mosque, kneel in your temple, pray in your church. For you and I are sons of one religion, and it is the spirit”- Khalil Gibran (Think Exist). Catholicism and Islam are just two of the many religions that inhabit the world. While the two are similar in some aspects, it is the differences that clearly set them apart. “Muslim extremists” is one stereotype that clearly sets the two religions apart; rarely do you ever hear someone call a catholic an “extremist”.
Islam was founded in 622 CE on the Arabian Peninsula following the death of Muhammad (Stopke). The beliefs of the Islamic religion include: oneness of God, belief in (the book, the prophets, angels, a ...view middle of the document...

There are approximately 2 billion believers in the catholic religion worldwide. Catholics believe in the Bible (Old & New Testament), while some believe it is the literal Word of God, others believe it is of inspired human accounts or human origin only, having true prophets. The doctrines of the catholic faith are summarized in the Apostle’s Creed and Nicene Creed and the religious law is canon law (with additional written authority vested in papal decrees). The Roman Catholic Church vests reverence in saints and church fathers. Human nature inherited “original sin” from Adam, with a tendency to do evil. Means of salvation are correct belief, faith, good deeds, and the sacraments. One is believed to be predestined to reach an eternal heaven, eternal hell (temporary purgatory in Catholicism). Catholics worship in a church, cathedral, or basilica on Sunday (head not covered) under direction of a priest, bishop, archbishop, or pope (with a deacon sometimes assisting worship). Catholics believe in the Sacraments as a part of their major rituals (baptism and communion of the Eucharist are two examples of the Sacraments) (ReligionFacts).
The Roman Catholic Church and Islam have much in common. The Roman Catholic Church and Islam believe they are the only true church/religion, require fasting, and respect Mary. Both religions believe in salvation by a complicated system of works, denying salvation by faith alone (what some Protestant religions believe). God’s grace does not exist within either religion; rather, one must take responsibility for their actions in earthly life in Purgatory/Judgment Day. Each religion uses a set of beads for their prayers, the Roman Catholic Church...

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