Basic information for caring for patient with indwelling urethral and suprapubic catheter.
What is a catheter?
A catheter is a tube that can be inserted into the body’s cavity, duct, or vessel.
Catheters are used for drainage or administration of fluids, medication.
The process of inserting a catheter is called catheterisation, a catheter can be left inserted either temporarily or permanently, this is often refer to as indwelling catheter.
REASONS FOR CATHETERISATION:
TO empty the bladder before certain investigations.
To accurately measure urine output.
To carry out bladder irrigation.
To relieve urine obstruction.
To administer cytotoxic drugs.
There are different types of ...view middle of the document...
Different types of drainage bags:
2litre bags commonly known as night bags, these are mostly used for patient who is bedbound.
Leg bags hold approximately 370-750 mls. These are strapped to legs and allow greater mobility for patient, and more discreet. Legs bags also come in different length, long
Medium and short. Patient should be given the opportunity to choose which catheter bags they prefer.
Uro-meter bags are used for measurement when close monitoring of urine output is required.
Catheter Valves are mostly used in bladder training, this allows the bladder to fill and be emptied as required.
All bags/valves must be changed every 5-7days.
Always take into consideration patient manual dexterity
Catheter bags should always be positioned below the bladder and emptied as required. Bags positioned above the level of the bladder and full of urine causes reflux, which is associated with infection.
Patient with urinary catheter have a high risk of developing urinary tract infection. Therefore, catheter hygiene is of utmost importance.