Read Me First HCS/335
ETHICAL THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES GUIDE PROBLEM SOLVING, BUT THE DEFINITION OF ETHICS VARIES AMONG DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS AND DOES NOT ALWAYS CORRELATE WITH THE LAW.
Ethical principles of autonomy, nonmalfeasance, beneficence, and justice form the framework for solid ethical decision-making. For this reason, remember the basics as you make health care decisions. Do this by asking: Who decides? Who will it harm? Who will it help? Is it fair? These questions will keep you focused to make value-based decisions.
SIMILARLY, ETHICAL THEORIES PROVIDE YOU WITH TOOLS TO APPLY TO SPECIFIC ETHICAL DILEMMAS. THE UTILITARIAN THEORY WILL LOOK AT ...view middle of the document...
The principles we discuss may be applied in all you do in health care. As you complete future courses focusing on the quality of care and health care policies, integrate these principles when making decisions.
Hints for a reading strategy of the assigned materials
AS YOU REVIEW THIS WEEK’S MATERIAL, KEEP IN MIND THAT THERE ARE MANY WAYS IN WHICH ETHICAL DILEMMAS MAY ARISE. DO NOT LET THIS OVERWHELM YOU. STAY FOCUSED ON THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES OF ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING AND PRACTICE APPLYING THEM TO FAMILIAR SITUATIONS. BEYOND THE READING, EVALUATE THE HEALTH CARE DILEMMAS THAT REGULARLY CONFRONT YOU IN THE WORKPLACE AND APPLY THE PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES TO THINGS YOU KNOW BEST. FINALLY, TAKE A FEW MOMENTS TO EVALUATE YOUR ETHICAL VALUES AND BELIEFS, AND THEIR INFLUENCE.
SOME QUESTIONS TO ASK AS YOU HONE YOUR CRITICAL THINKING
This week, we focus on ethical theories and principles. As you reflect on these principles, you might ask yourself some of the following questions to determine your ethical values and how these values affect your decision making:
• What do I think?
• What do I value?
• How do my values compare to different ethical theories?
• Do I find myself preferring certain ethical theories or principles? Why?
• How do my values affect my decision making? How will I...