What is Career Planning?
Career planning is the process of establishing career objectives and determining appropriate educational and developmental programs to further develop the skills required to achieve short- or long-term career objectives.
Meaning Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to these goals. Career development is those personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan. Career management is the process of designing and implementing goals, plans and strategies to enable the organization to satisfy employee needs while allowing individuals to achieve their career goals. So, due to this career planning ...view middle of the document...
More specifically, the advantages of career planning and development for an organization include:
1.. Efficient career planning and development ensures the availability of human resources with required skill, knowledge and talent.
2.. The efficient policies and practices improve the organization’s ability to attract and retain highly skilled and talent employees.
3.. The proper career planning ensures that the women and people belong to backward communities get opportunities for growth and development.
4. The career plan continuously tries to satisfy the employee expectations and as such minimizes employee frustration.
5. By attracting and retaining the people from different cultures, enhances cultural diversity.
6. Protecting employees’ interest results in promoting organizational goodwill
Stages of career:
1. Exploratory stage: This stage starts when a new employee joins an organization. An employee with his qualification and knowledge joins an organization and find himself in an apparent mismatch condition which cannot be set right with the induction program of the organization. It takes quite some time for him after thorough training to adapt to the organization and more particularly to his job assignment. Therefore, it is essential to sustain the behavioral as well as operational deficiencies to help him to develop in the course of time. The best solution at this stage is to allow the new entrant to perform some specific job and to confer freedom in functioning. This will help him to gradually develop according to the requirements of the organization.
2. Establishment stage: After a new entrant chooses his career from different given alternatives; he needs to be provided with regular feedback on his performance. Such performance feedback the enables the new employee to understand the effectiveness of his performance and at the same time he can also initiate required corrective actions to overcome his functional deficiencies. Performance appraisal and its feedback have also motivational values as the new employee enjoys a sense of accomplishment when he gets feedback on his assignment from management and specifically when he understand that his promotional decision has been taken based on his performance. A successful career development process at establishment stage, therefore, is important to retain employees in the organization and at the same time to develop a sense of loyalty and commitment to the organization.
3. Maintenance stage: This is a mid-career stage for employees who strive hard to retain their established name and fame. Therefore, at this stage employees need to put their continuous efforts for self-development. For an organization, career development process at this stage, therefore, calls for renewing and updating the skills of employees particularly in the context of the changing environment to help employees to overcome their mid-career crisis. In many organizations, absence of career...