This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cardiovascular Risks Essay

1701 words - 7 pages

Cardiovascular disease also called heart disease includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. This can cause a heart attack or stroke (“What is Cardiovascular Disease (Heart Disease)?”). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the risk factors associated with a previous client that I cared for in the clinical setting and to include rationale and some behaviors that could reduce these risks. The patient ...view middle of the document...

Diabetes is life-long and is considered a modifiable risk factor however family history is not. Lifestyle changes that she should focus on to reduce the risk factors for CVD associated with diabetes are smoking cessation, diet, exercise, blood pressure control, maintenance of lipid therapy and insulin medication.
Hypertension
The client also has a history of hypertension which is a contributing factor to CVD. During my morning assessment her blood pressure was 154/100 and she discussed that it has been in that range for years. Hypertension is a risk factor for coronary heart disease and the single most important risk factor for stroke. It causes roughly 50% of ischaemic strokes and increases the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Hypertension stresses your body’s blood vessels, causing them to clog or weaken. Hypertension can lead to atherosclerosis and narrowing of the blood vessels making them or likely to block clots or bits of fatty material breaking off from the lining of the blood vessel wall. Damage to the arteries can also create weak places that places that rupture easily or thin spots that balloon out the artery wall resulting in an aneurism (“Cardiovascular disease risk factors – Hypertension / World Heart Federation”). Ways that the client could reduce and control her high blood pressure include self-interventions such as losing weight, exercise, eating a healthier and low sodium diet, limiting alcohol intake, and smoking cessation.
Tobacco Use
I.G. has been a smoker for the past 30 years although claims that she has cut down considerably since being diagnosed with diabetes and congestive heart failure. As many as 30% of all coronary heart disease deaths in the United States each year are attributable to cigarette smoking, with the risk being strongly dose-related. Smoking also nearly doubles the risk of ischemic stroke. Smoking acts synergistically with other risk factors, substantially increasing the risk of CHD. Smokers are also at increased risk for peripheral vascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and many other chronic diseases. Cigarette smoking is the single most alterable risk factor contributing to premature morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for approximately 430 000 deaths annually (“Cigarette Smoking, Cardiovascular Disease, and Stroke”) Obviously the best way for her to reduce this risk of CVD is through smoking cessation. According to the AHA, eliminating smoking not only reduces the risk for coronary heart disease, but also reduces the risk for repeat heart attacks and death by heart disease by half. Research also indicates that smoking cessation is crucial in the management of many contributors to heart attack, including atherosclerosis, thrombosis, coronary artery disease, and cardiac arrhythmias (“Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease / John Hopkins Medicine Health Library”).
Sedentary Lifestyle
As previously discussed the client’s BMI is 32.1 which pretty much sums...

Other Papers Like Cardiovascular Risks

The Dangers of Adderall Abuse Essay

817 words - 4 pages the heart. These cardiovascular problems include hypertension, arrhythmias, and heart attacks. Some common side effects of Adderall are an increase in blood pressure and heart rate, but taking high doses can lead to serious side effects like seizers and strokes (NIDA, 2016). Due to some of the serious health risks attributed to Adderall the FDA has given Adderall a “Black Box” warning. According to Stolz, the “Black Box” warning lists the risks

Chronic and Infectious Paper

1100 words - 5 pages is caused by bacteria or viruses in an individual body. These types of disease can be passed from person to person. This paper will discuss the characteristic of chronic illness, the relationship between healthy nutritional program and cardiovascular disease, effects of chronic and infectious disease on the immune system, how exercise affects the immune system, and last it will focus on the importance of awareness and education as it relates to

Merck: Recall of Vioxx

2173 words - 9 pages cardiovascular results, and management failed to perform a study that focused specifically on the cardiovascular risks of Vioxx. Instead, Merck spent a record amount on advertising the gastrointestinal benefit of the drug in a period of uncertainty. The advertising in the time of uncertainty is really unparalleled, and opens the door to questioning (Appendix). Stakeholder Impacts Merck Merck wanted to discover a drug in the Cox-2

Alternate Working Capital Policy

580 words - 3 pages Alternate working capital policy Elijah Heart Center (EHC) hospital built as an advanced coronary care unit in New York. It has 140 beads and 120, 00 square foot for this specialty. The EHC hospital provide full support of cardiovascular patients including catherization laboratories, nephrology, pulmonology, ancillary equipment for radiology, surgical suites for open-heart surgery and other cardiovascular services. On the other hand, according

Cardiac Rehab

1279 words - 6 pages Christopher Dorasami The World Health Organization predicts that deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) will increase around the globe from 17 million in 2008 to 25 million in 2030, (WHO,2012). CVDs are defined as all diseases of the circulatory system, including those of congenital origin, (AHA, 2010). Due to their high prevalence, CVDs impose a high social and financial burden on individuals, families and healthcare systems around the

Service Line Development Task 2

1218 words - 5 pages When analyzing the community health assessment several risks and weakness are identified. There are a few risks and weakness with the current state of Oncology Services. With physicians practices already at capacity there is no room to handle the current and future demand for these services. With an aging population new cancer cases are expected to increase by 34 % in five years. Higher smoking rates also contribute to new cancer diagnosis

Cohort Follow-Up Studies: Cardiovascular Disease (Cvd)

2180 words - 9 pages Cohort Follow-up Studies: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Latavia M. Walston Strayer University, Epidemiology Professor Godson 2/20/2015 Abstract What Causes of CVD Scientist and related health- care providers often use study modules from an epidemiological position to probe unanticipated devices associated to infection, and they come up with solutions to target key factors for therapy and possible prevention. Many

Homeostatic Imbalances

637 words - 3 pages balloon your heart, and you the risks factors that changes air flow (blood flow) to the balloon that inflates and deflates it. Normal blood pressure is within a range below 120/80. The first number (systolic) shows the pressure for when the heart beats and the second number (diastolic) measures pressure between heartbeats, at a time at which the heart is refilling with blood, considered being at a brief rest. When you have a poor diet high in

COMMUNITY HEALTH AND POPULATION-FOCUSED NURSING

1699 words - 7 pages safety and lower the rate of deaths, injuries, and disabilities in the county. Hear diseases acts as sign of buildup stiffens and thickened artery walls that can prevent flow of blood via arteries to the body tissues and organs. Another common cause of cardiovascular diseases is atherosclerosis. Heart diseases can be causes by a number of correctable issues that include smoking, being overweight, lack of exercise, and

Stress in the Workplace

551 words - 3 pages employee the tools to be successful in the working environment. The definition of stress according to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary is: d : a state resulting from a stress; especially : one of bodily or mental tension resulting from factors that tend to alter an existent equilibrium <job-related stress> According to Rabin (2010), women who are stressed at work, have a 40 percent increase in cardiovascular disease over all, and an

Coronary Heart Disease

1182 words - 5 pages , Bulgaria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the Soviet Union. • About 6 million hospitalizations take place each year in the US on account of cardiovascular disease. • Every 33 seconds a death occurs due to cardiovascular disease in the US. • Since 1900 onwards, the number 1 killer has been cardiovascular disease in the US except 1918. • Men tend to suffer heart attacks 10 years earlier in life as compared to women. • Over 1,000

Related Essays

Women And Cardiovascular Disease Essay

1610 words - 7 pages Women and Cardiovascular Disease Biology 1114 April 6, 2011 Women and Cardiovascular Disease Did you know that cardiovascular disease is not a disease affecting only men? Cardiovascular disease has been found to be the number one killer of women. According to Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) experts women die from cardiovascular disease one in two; compared with one in twenty-five die from breast cancer.1 According to

The Importance Of Cardiovascular Conditioning Essay

3024 words - 13 pages consideration before starting a cardiovascular conditioning program. The things to consider are: the present health, current fitness level, health risks, time, and what is wanted to be achieved. “Regular aerobic exercise provides a variety of mental, physical and emotional health benefits. A consistent aerobic fitness plan can improve and maintain cardiovascular conditioning, which increases lung capacity and improves the efficiency with which

Cholesterol Guidelines Essay

2336 words - 10 pages predicted risk of cardiovascular events or to reduce the ASCVD risk. Implementation of the new guidelines would result in millions more American’s receiving high-potency statins. The guidelines emphasize that individuals where statin therapy is indicated prove that the benefits of reducing heart attack, stroke, and cardiovascular death significantly outweigh the risks of developing diabetes or myopathy (Ridker & Cook, 2013). The AACE agrees

Mental Health Essay

2070 words - 9 pages metabolic and cardiovascular abnormalities with the use of Antipsychotic medications; which is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among metal health consumers. Approach: Selective Article Reviews are being used. Findings and Implications: Metabolic and cardiovascular side effects such as weight gain, diabetes and hypertension are some of the risks of Antipsychotic drugs; however, there are other underlying factors