Cardiovascular Disease Essay

404 words - 2 pages

Cardiovascular Disease Information
Marissa Leigh Estes
HCA 240
Friday, May 18, 2012
Lisa Stewart

Cardiovascular Disease Information
The most common cause of Cardiovascular Disease is called Atherosclerosis or “hardening of the arteries”. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries and slows or stops the flow of blood to your heart. Atherosclerosis is most often caused by unhealthy eating habits, poor or no exercise, being overweight and smoking. Some other causes of heart disease are high blood pressure, congenital heart defects, excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse and even stress.
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While every patient is different, there are certain treatments or preventative measures that are prescribed for people with cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle changes like starting an exercise regimen, diet changes, and quitting smoking or drinking are the most common changes a person can make to help decrease their risk of CVD or prevent future damage if they have already suffered a form of heart disease. Diet changes may include cutting down or getting rid of salt in the diet. Exercising may be something as simple as walking a few times a day. Quitting smoking and cutting down on alcohol consumption can really make a huge effect in decreasing the risk of heart disease. Medications are also prescribed. Aspirin is the most common medication prescribed for heart disease patients, although others like blood pressure medications, beta-blockers, diuretics, statins, fibrates and others are given if lifestyle changes are not all that is needed. Sometimes, surgery is an option when the heart disease is advanced to a stage where it is necessary. Some surgeries may include stent placements to keep arteries open so as to keep blood flowing or insertion of a pacemaker.


REFERENCES
Zelman, M., Tompary, E., Raymond, J., Holdaway, P., & Mulvihill, M. (2010). Human diseases: A systemic approach (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart_disease. Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012

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