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Capital Punishment Essay

651 words - 3 pages

Capital Punishment
The definition of Capital Punishment is; the death penalty or execution is the killing of a person by judicial process for retribution and incapacitation. Included in this paper will be statistics of murder rates along with personal opinion to validate and support this position.
Capital Punishment
Definition
Capital Punishment or the Death Penalty as defined by the American Civil Liberties Union is the ultimate denial of civil liberties. Another definition would be The Death Penalty or Execution, is the killing of a person by judicial process for retribution and incapacitation (Miriam Webster 2009). I call this “an eye for an eye”.
Purpose
The United States has had this practice in place for many centuries this practice was reinstated by US Supreme Court moratorium and then upheld in 1977 with certain conditions. It is the ultimate penalty for a human being convicted of a very heinous crime, ...view middle of the document...

While opponents say that, it cost less to house a prisoner for life ($1 million for 50 years avg.) then to execute ($2 million avg.) this is one of their primary arguments in not taking a life (Time Magazine, 1994). When the United States Supreme Court abolished the Death Penalty between 1972 and 1976, research was done to determine the effects of this temporary suspension. There were 9,140 murders in 1960 as to 56 executions. In 1964, there were only 15 executions and the number of murders went up to 9,250. Point for Capital Punishment! Between 1969 and 1975, there were no executions done, but the amount of murders also went up to 43,550 between those years. Two executions were performed in 1980. Records show that murders rose 131 percent from 1965 to 1980 with only 23 executions performed. Obviously just having people get life in prison does not deter murder. Another Point for Capital Punishment! When all these figures are analyzed, the murder rate went from 5.1 percent of 100,00 people to 10.2 percent per 100,000 people as the number of executions declined. Between the years 1995 to 200, the average number of executions totaled 71 per year, which averaged out to 21 percent increase from 1977 to 1980. Murder rates in 1980 as I have stated was at 10.2 percent per 100,000 people, and that dropped to 5.7 percent in 1999, which equates to a 44 percent drop in murders. Doing the math, research produces a drop in murders in all periods that Capital Punishment was enforced. Statistical analysis proves this conclusion. Final point for Capital Punishment nailed into the coffin!


References
1. Statistics on Death Rates. Retrieved February 26, 2009
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs.htm
2. Pro-Capital Punishment. Retrieved February 26, 2009
http://www.wesleylowe.com/cp/htm
3. Jill Smolowe; AnnBlackman/Washington, Cathy Booth/Miami, Jon D. Hull/Chicago,
Sylvester Monroe/Los Angeles and Lisa H. Towel/Raleigh. …and lock up the key. Time Magazine (2/7/1994). Retrieved February 26, 2009
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,980062.html

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