APA Research Paper (Mirano)
Running head: CAN MEDICATION CURE OBESITY IN CHILDREN?
The header consists of a shortened title in all capital letters at the left margin and the page number at the right margin; on the title page only, the shortened title is preceded by the words “Running head” and a colon.
Can Medication Cure Obesity in Children? A Review of the Literature Luisa Mirano Northwest-Shoals Community College
Full title, writer’s name, and school halfway down the page.
Author Note This paper was prepared for Psychology 108, Section B, taught by Professor Kang.
An author’s note lists the specific information about the course or department and can provide ...view middle of the document...
Martin’s, 2011, 2006).
CAN MEDICATION CURE OBESITY IN CHILDREN? Can Medication Cure Obesity in Children? A Review of the Literature In March 2004, U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona called attention to a health problem in the United States that, until
Full title, centered.
recently, has been overlooked: childhood obesity. Carmona said that the “astounding” 15% child obesity rate constitutes an “epidemic.” Since the early 1980s, that rate has “doubled in children and tripled in adolescents.” Now more than 9 million children are classified as obese.1 While the traditional response to a medical epidemic is to hunt for a vaccine or a cure-all pill, childhood obesity is more elusive. The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem. This literature review considers whether the use of medication is a promising approach for solving the childhood obesity problem by responding to the following questions: 1. What are the implications of childhood obesity? 2. Is medication effective at treating childhood obesity? 3. Is medication safe for children? 4. Is medication the best solution? Understanding the limitations of medical treatments for children highlights the complexity of the childhood obesity problem in the United States and underscores the need for physicians,
1Obesity Mirano states her thesis. Mirano sets up her organization by posing four questions.
is measured in terms of body-mass index (BMI):
weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. A child or an adolescent with a BMI in the 95th percentile for his or her age and gender is considered obese.
Mirano uses a footnote to define an essential term that would be cumbersome to define within the text.
Source: Hacker/Sommers (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011, 2006).
CAN MEDICATION CURE OBESITY IN CHILDREN? advocacy groups, and policymakers to search for other solutions.
Headings, centered, help readers follow the organization.
What Are the Implications of Childhood Obesity? Obesity can be a devastating problem from both an individual and a societal perspective. Obesity puts children at risk for a number of medical complications, including Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and orthopedic problems (Henry J.
In a signal phrase, the word “and” links the names of two authors; the date is given in parentheses.
Kaiser Family Foundation, 2004, p. 1). Researchers Hoppin and Taveras (2004) have noted that obesity is often associated with psychological issues such as depression, anxiety, and binge eating (Table 4). Obesity also poses serious problems for a society struggling to cope with rising health care costs. The cost of treating obesity currently totals $117 billion per year—a price, according to the surgeon general, “second only to the cost of [treating] tobacco use” (Carmona, 2004). And as the number of children who suffer from obesity grows, long-term costs will...